Peasants Zamindars And The State Class 12 History Important Questions

Important Questions Class 12

Please refer to Peasants, Zamindars And The State Class 12 History Important Questions with solutions provided below. These questions and answers have been provided for Class 12 History based on the latest syllabus and examination guidelines issued by CBSE, NCERT, and KVS. Students should learn these problem solutions as it will help them to gain more marks in examinations. We have provided Important Questions for Class 12 History for all chapters in your book. These Board exam questions have been designed by expert teachers of Standard 12.

Class 12 History Important Questions Peasants, Zamindars And The State

Very Short Answer Questions :

Question. What was Jins-i-Kamil?
Ans. Cash Crop .Literally perfect crops. Example – cotton and sugarcane.

Question. Who were the Khud- kashta and Pahi- Kashta ?
They refers to two kinds of peasants –
Khud-Kashta – were residents of the Village in which they held their land.
Pahi-Kashta – were non-resident cultivators.

Question. What was hasil ?
Ans. The amount collected in revenue system.

Question. Who were Raiyat? How many types of Raiyat?
Ans. They were peasants. There are two types of Raiyat – Khud-Kashta and Pahi-Kashta.

Question. Mention various duties performed by state officials in the 16th century?
Ans. They collect land revenue, measure the lands and keep records etc.

Question. Who was resposible for supervising the fiscal system of the Mughal Empire.
Ans. Diwan .

Question. Which type of land was known as Polaj ?
Ans. Polaj is land which is annually cultivated for each crop.

Question. How many seasons of agriculture according to Ain?
Ans. According to Ain-i-Akbari, agriculture was organized around the two major seasonal cycles – The kharif and the Rabi.

Question. What were the functions of panchayat in Mughal period?
Ans. Community welfare – Construction of bandh or digging the canal.

Short Answer Questions :

Question. Describe the role played by women in agricultural Production.
Ans. 1. They worked with men in the field
2. Women sowed, weeded and threshed the harvest.
3. Spinning yarn, making clay, pottery, embroidery.

Question. Why did the Mughal Emperor take interest in developing agriculture ?
Ans. Because it was the main source of income of the empire. At that time land revenue was the most important income factor for the Mughal Empire.

Question. What was the role of Village Panchayats and Headman?
Ans. 1. Panchayat was headed by a headman.
2. Panchayat derived its funds from contributions made by individuals.
3. Entertaining revenue officials who visited the village.
4. Community welfare.
5. Ensure the caste boundaries
6. To oversee the conduct of the member of the village community.
7. Authority to levy fines and give punishment.

Peasants Zamindars And The State Class 12 History Important Questions