We have provided CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Sample Paper with solutions below. These Sample guess papers have been prepared as per the latest examination guidelines and paper pattern issued by CBSE. Students of Class 12 should practice all practice papers for Class 12 Physical Education given below as it will help them top improve their understanding of the subject. Please click on the links below to access free sample paper for Physical Education Class 12.
Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education
|CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Term 1 Sample Paper Set A|
|CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Term 1 Sample Paper Set B|
|CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Sample Paper Set A|
CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Sample Paper Set A
SECTION – A
1. What is the main physiological cause of Asthma?
Ans. The physiological cause of asthma is narrowing of airway passage and a subsequent interference with airflow.
2. Define acceleration runs.
Ans. Acceleration runs is a special kind of training in which running speed is gradually increased from jogging to striding and finally to sprinting at maximum speed. Each component is about 50 meter long. Its progressive nature reduces the risk of muscles injuries.
3. Define sports psychology.
Ans. Sports psychology is the study of how psychology influences sports, athletic performance, exercise and physical activity. Some sports psychologists work with professional athletes and coaches to improve performance and increase motivation.
4. What is Attention Deficit or Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
Ans. It is a brain disorder that includes inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It is a medical condition that affects how well can someone sit still, focus and pay attention.
5. What do you mean by soft tissue injuries?
Ans. Soft-tissue injury includes damage of muscles, ligaments, and tendons throughout the body. The result can be pain, swelling, bruising, and damage. Soft-tissue injuries are classified as Contusions, Sprains, Tendonitis, Bursitis, Stress injuries, Strains.
6. What is coordinative ability?
Ans. Abilities of an individual which assist him to do a variety of interconnected activities correctly and competently are called coordinative abilities.
7. What are the symptoms of ODD?
Ans. Symptoms of ODD are as follows:
(i) Rude, aggressive and non-cooperative.
(ii) Difficulty to make friends.
(iii) Often and easily loses temper.
(iv) Is frequently touchy and easily annoyed by others.
(v) Is often angry and argumentative.
(vi) Often argues with adults or people in authority.
(vii) Often actively refuses to comply with adults’ requests or rules.
8. What kind of sports injury can be termed as ‘‘Abrasion’’?
Ans. Abrasion is injury on the surface of the skin. In this injury skin is scrapped or rubbed by friction. It causes severe pain and sometimes bleeding from the affected part. Abrasions are very common sports injuries caused by fall on hard surfaces.
9. Name the type of Disorders.
Ans. Types of disorders are:
(i) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
(ii) Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)
(iii) Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
(iv) Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
(v) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
SECTION – B
10. What is the role of a spectators in creating a positive sports environment? Explain.
Ans. Positive sports environment is the conditions and circumstances which are favourable and beneficial for the sportspersons who perform sports activities. Behaviour and attitude of the spectators towards coaches, players and officials should be positive. They should not pass any negative comment towards players, referee, umpire and any other game officials. They should not indulge themselves in any type of violence. They should try to motivate the players so that they may put up better performance. In this way the spectators can play a vital role for creating positive sports environment.
11. What are the various causes of ADHD?
Ans. The various causes of ADHD are as follows:
(i) Genetic Factors: It is not a disorder that passed socially. Studies shows that parents, siblings, and children of people with ADHD may be up to five times more likely to have the disorder than the people who are not related to someone with ADHD.
(ii) Brain Injuries: When a baby’s brain is damaged before or after birth this could make the baby more likely to develop ADHD later on.
(iii) Low Birth Weight: It is observed that children with low birth weight are more likely to develop ADHD.
(iv) Trauma and brain diseases: Trauma during birth and brain diseases may lead to develop ADHD.
(v) Diet: There are a number of evidences which shows that taking a particular type of food or food additives play a significant role in causing ADHD.
12. Discuss the preventive measure of sports injuries.
Ans. “Sports injuries” are the type of injuries that occur during participating in sports or competition, training sessions or sports activities. One of the important objectives of sports medicine is preventing injuries. It also prevents other physical, mental, social and financial harm accompanying sports injuries. General techniques that can prevent sports injuries are:
(i) Warm-up and Cool-down: A well-structured warm-up and cool-down is necessary to increase blood and nutrient flow and concentration. Also it helps in relaxation, improved flexibility and recovery of muscles.
(ii) Planning a Session: Careful planning of training and rehabilitation sessions allows gradual specific adaptations. It reduces the damage to the tissues as a result of training.
(iii) Using Protective Equipment: The use of protective equipment like proper footwear’s, helmets, goggles, gum shield, shin pads and gloves prevent many sports injuries.
(iv) Psychological Training: Some form of mental skills training and practice could reduce injuries by reducing anxiety and improving concentration.
(v) Adherence to the Rules: If all performers are aware of and adhere to the rules and laws of the particular sport, then injuries can be reduced to great extent.
13. What is the role of Yoga in preventing lifestyle diseases?
Ans. Yoga places a great importance on a proper and healthy lifestyle whose main components are healthy activities, healthy relationships, healthy thoughts, healthy food, and healthy recreation. The holistic art and science of yoga is the best lifestyle ever designed and is effective in managing prevalent lifestyle disorders such as diabetes and hypertension.
There are various lifestyle diseases like Obesity, Diabetes, Asthma, Hypertension and Backache. Through regular participation in yoga:
(i) Bones and joints become strong.
(ii) Muscles becomes stronger and flexible.
(iii) Circulation of blood becomes normal.
(iv) Respiratory organs become efficient.
(v) Efficiency of digestive system increases.
(vi) Better neuro muscular coordination.
(vii) Strengthens the immune system.
14. Explain any three principles of training in brief.
Ans. Three principles of training are:
(i) Principle of Overload: The overload principle is a basic sports fitness training concept. It means that in order to improve, athletes must continually work harder as their bodies adjust to existing workouts. Overloading also plays a role in skill learning.
(ii) Principle of Specificity: The principle of specificity states that the more specific a training activity is to a given sport (muscle group, work load, velocity and pattern of movement, body posture, and range of motion) the more it will contribute to increasing performance in that sport.
(iii) Principle of Individualization: This could also be called the snowflake principle, since it highlights that no two climbers or their optimal conditioning programs are the same. The best training program for a person will target his/ her specific weaknesses, address past or present injuries, provide sufficient time for recovery, and be structured to provide the greatest output for the available training input.
SECTION – C
15. What is personality? Explain its different dimensions.
Ans. Personality is a combination of two words i.e., PERSONAL + IDENTITY = Personality.
Thus, any variable or component that makes a person unique, different from all other constitutes a part of one’s Holistic Personality.
Holistic personality means all round development of :
(ii) MIND (Knowledge, communication and emotion)
There are 11 domains of personality :
R = Regularity
S = Safety
S = Self-Responsibility
M = Mental Activity
O = Occupational Activities
V = Vital
E = Environmental
S = Social
P = Physical
E = Emotional
S = Spiritual
T = Temporal (Physical Growth)
Personality Dimensions: The five-factor model is comprised of five personality dimensions (OCEAN): Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism. The five dimensions are held to be a complete description of personality.
16. Explain any two methods for speed development.
Ans. Speed means the velocity with which an individual can execute his movements. In other words, it means the capacity of moving a body part or the whole body with the greatest possible velocity. For example, the movements of a smasher’s arm in volleyball, has the maximum speed or velocity at the time of smashing the volleyball. The following methods are usually adopted for the development of speed in sprinting events.
(i) Acceleration Runs: These are usually adopted to develop speed, especially in attaining maximum speed from stationary position. It should be kept in mind that the technique of any event should be learnt in the beginning. Only then, we should switch over to acceleration runs.
(ii) Pace Races: It means, running the whole distance of a race at a constant speed. In pace races, an athlete runs with uniform speed. Generally 800 meters and above races are included in pace races.
17. What is movement speed? Explain the methods to develop speed endurance.
Ans. Movement speed is the time taken between the initiation of movement and the completion of the
movement. It depends upon techniques, explosive strength, flexibility and coordinative abilities. It plays a vital role in boxing, gymnastics, swimming; throws jumps etc. where the minimum time is taken to complete the movement.
To develop the speed endurance more work has to be done on pace races because pace races means
running the whole distance at a constant speed. Generally, 800 meters and above races are included in
pace races. As a matter of fact, an athlete can run a distance of 300 meters at full speed but, in longer races such as 800 meters or above races he must conserve his energy by reducing his speed. For example, if there is a runner of 800 meters race his best time is 1 minute 40 seconds, so, he should run first 400 meters in 49 seconds and next 400 meters in 51 seconds.
18. “Involvement in physical activities for longer period of time with moderate intensity can improve the quality of life.” Justify your answer.
Ans. Involvement in physical activities for longer period of time with moderate intensity can improve the quality of life in the following ways:
(i) Exercise Helps in Healthy Growth and Development: Exercise is an important part of keeping children healthy. Encouraging healthy lifestyles in children and adolescents is important when they grow older. Participating in organised sports and games is not only of great fun but is very essential for healthy growth and development.
(ii) Exercises Improve Self-esteem: Exercise is necessary for the physical and mental health. Selfesteem can play a great role in how children feel about themselves and also how much they enjoy things or worry about things. Exercise reduces depressive symptoms and improves self-esteem in children.
(iii) Enhances Flexibility: The stiffness of joints decreases due to exercising, in a way improving the flexibility. The elasticity of tendons, ligaments and joint capsules improves due to regular exercise.
(iv) Lessens Stress and Tension: Regular exercise has a distinctive capability to slow down the depression process by reducing stress and tension. Actually, regular exercise lessens the levels of body’s stress hormones like adrenaline and cortisol. The body’s natural painkillers and mood elevators i.e., the endorphins are produced due to regular exercise. These benefits of work out facilitate in delaying the process of ageing.
(v) Connect with Others: Spend time with positive people who enhance your life by instilling in you with positive thoughts. A strong support system will buffer you from the negative effects of stress.
(vi) Keep Your Sense of Humour: This includes the ability to laugh oneself. The act of laughing helps the body to fight stress in a number of ways.