Unseen Passage For Class 12 English With Answers

Unseen Passage Class 12

Unseen Passage for Class 12

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow :

1. Few guessed that this quiet, parentless girl growing up in New York City would one day become the First Lady of the United States. Even fewer thought she would become an author and lecturer and a woman much admired and loved by people throughout the world.

2. Born Anna Eleanor Roosevelt in 1884 to wealthy, but troubled parents who both died while she was young, Roosevelt was cared for by her grandmother and sent to school in England. In 1905, she married her distant cousin, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. She and her husband had six children. Although they were wealthy, her life was not easy and she suffered several personal tragedies. Her second son died when he was a baby. In 1921, her strong athletic husband was stricken with polio, which left him physically disabled for life.

3. Eleanor Roosevelt was a remarkable woman who had great intelligence and tremendous strength of character. She never let things get her down. She nursed her husband back to good health and encouraged him to remain in politics. She then helped him to become Governor of New York, and in 1933, President of the United States.

4. While her husband was President, she took a great interest in all the affairs of the country. She became her husband’s legs and eyes; she visited prisons and hospitals; she went down into mines, up scaffoldings and into factories. Roosevelt was tireless and daring. During the depression, she travelled all over the country bringing goodwill, reassurance and help to people without food and jobs. During World War II, she visited American soldiers in camps all over the world. The United States had never known a First Lady like her. 5. Roosevelt also kept in touch with the American people through a daily newspaper column called ‘My Day’. She broadcast on the radio and delivered lectures, all first of a First Lady.

On the basis of your understanding of the above passage, answer the questions that follow :

(a) Eleanor Roosevelt was very quiet and parentless in her growing up years. Later, she became the ………… of the United States, an author, lecturer and a woman who was loved and admired throughout the world.

Answer

(a) First Lady.

(b) Apart from being the First Lady …………….

Answer

(b) she was an author, lecturer and a woman much admired by people.

(c) In her personal life, she faced many challenges. Her second son died when he was a baby. Her husband was affected by polio which left him physically disabled for life. (True/False)

Answer

(c) True.

(d) Roosevelt nursed her husband back to good health and encouraged him to be in politics. She helped him become the …………… of New York and then, the …………… of the United States in 1933.

Answer

(d) Governor, President.

Question. Which of the Eleanor’s baby died when it was young?
(a) First daughter
(b) Fourth son
(c) Second daughter
(d) Second son

Answer

D

Question. Eleanor got married in the year ……….
(a) 1981
(b) 1905
(c) 1877
(d) 1908

Answer

B

Question. She was married to her ………….
(a) friend
(b) cousin
(c) classmate
(d) colleague

Answer

B

Question. The antonym of the word ‘affluent’ is :
(a) wealthy
(b) sad
(c) happy
(d) powerful

Answer

A

Class 12 English Unseen Passage

Unseen Cloze Passage Class 12 English

Choose the correct options to fill in the blanks to complete the note about the Wangala Festival of Meghalaya.
The Wangala ___
(a) ___ festival for the Garo in Meghalaya, Assam and Nagaland. It is a post harvest festival ___ (b) ___ the end of the agricultural year. It is popularly known as ‘The Hundred Drums’ festival.
During the signature dance, the leading warrior ___ (c) ___ with synchronised dance steps and specific hand-head movements.

Question.
(i) being celebrated for marking
(ii) celebrated to mark
(iii) celebrated to marking
(iv) being celebrated for mark

Question. 
(i) is important
(ii) are an important
(iii) was the important
(iv) is an important

Question. 
(i) leads the youngsters

(ii) is lead the youngsters
(iii) was leading the youngsters
(iv) had leads the youngsters

Unseen Passage for Class 12 with Answers

1. The chart given below provides information about the amount of carbon emissions in different countries during three different years (1975, 1990, and 2005).

2. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features,and make comparisons where relevant.

3. The bar chart compares the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere of six countries, including two of them coming from emerging nations, for three decades starting from 1975 until 2005.

4. As an overall assessment, it can clearly be seen that only Germany and United Kingdom managed to reduce the carbon emissions compared to the other countries.

5. USA, being the number one polluter of all, emitted 1,200,000 thousand metric tonnes in 1975 and this count increased to 1,300,000 and 1,600,000 thousand metric tonnes in 1990 and 2005 respectively. In contrast, the carbon emissions of China was nearly 300,000 thousand metric tonnes in 1975 and it rose by nearly 100% in 1990 and surged dramatically to just below 1,600,000 thousand metric tonnes in 2005. In terms of the percentage increase, China was the largest contributor in carbon emissions of all.

6. The figures for Germany and the United Kingdom remained relatively stable throughout the period of time, and so were for Canada until 1990. The carbon dioxide emissions in India increased exponentially from around 100,000 in 1975 to just below 400,000 thousand metric tonnes in 2005.

Question. The data given in the graph compares the amount of emission of _____.
(i) nitrogen
(ii) carbon dioxide
(iii) oxygen
(iv) none of these

Answer

(ii) carbon dioxide

Question. Which country was the largest contributor in carbon emissions of all in year 2005 in terms of percentage increase?
(i) India
(ii) China
(iii) USA
(iv) Canada

Answer

(ii) China

Question. According to the passage, which country is the most polluter country?
(i) India
(ii) China
(iii) USA
(iv) Germany

Answer

China

Question. According to the passage, what can be the reason for surging of CO2 emission in million tonnes?
(i) The urge to become world’s top powerful economies
(ii) Lack of sustainable development
(iii) Fast paced industrialisation
(iv) All of these

Answer

(iv) All of these

Question. Which country has the lowest emission of CO2 in the graph?
(i) Germany
(ii) United Kingdom
(iii) Canada
(iv) India

Answer

(iii) Canada

Question. Which country has observed a dramatic rise over the years in CO2 emission?
(i) India
(ii) China
(iii) USA
(iv) Germany

Answer

(ii) China

Question. Which country had the same level of CO2 emission in the first and the second decade?
(i) Canada
(ii) Germany
(iii) Both (i) and (ii)
(iv) None of these

Answer

(iii) Both (i) and (ii)

Question. What is the highest quantity unit of global emission of CO2 by different countries?
(i) 1,300,000
(ii) 1,570,000
(iii) 1,600,000
(iv) 1,7000000

Answer

(iii) 1,600,000

Question. Which country had the minimum CO2 emission during 1975?
(i) Germany
(ii) The United Kingdom
(iii) China
(iv) India

Answer

(iv) India 

Question. Which countries reported gradual growth in reduction of global CO2 emission?
(i) Germany and India
(ii) USA and China
(iii) The United Kingdom and USA
(iv) Germany and The United Kingdom

Answer

(iv) Germany and The United Kingdom

Question. Which of the following statements is true in the context of the passage?
(i) The countries have achieved meteoric rise in CO2 emission
(ii) The countries have not been able to reduce their CO2 emission significantly
(iii) USA seems to leave behind China in coming years
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)

Answer

(iv) Both (i) and (ii)

Question. Which country has been the major polluter in the three decades mentioned in the passage?
(i) USA
(ii) India
(iii) China
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)

Answer

(i) USA

Comprehensions for Class 12 English with Solutions

1. The ocean is one of the most unexplored parts of our planet, with a magnitude of undiscovered species and mysteries. It turns out from the studies conducted over the last few decades, this magnificent environment is under serious threat from human intervention, with plastics set to outnumber fish by 2050.

2. Marine life, as we know it, is suffering irreparable damage from the chemical pollution of the waters and the millions of tons of mismanaged waste dumped in the oceans each year. The result is a planetary crisis with over 100 million marine animal’s lives get lost every year, and the decay of the ocean’s ecosystem.

3. Almost 1,000 species of marine animals get impacted by ocean pollution, and we now have over 500 locations recorded as dead zones where marine life cannot exist. How did this happen, what is causing the most damage, find out everything above in the marine pollution statistics round-up.

4. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a floating island of debris, accumulated in the North Pacific Ocean by an extensive system of currents called gyres. It is built up from two other waste patches, the western garbage patch near Japan and the eastern garbage patch near America’s west coast near California and Hawaii.

5. The North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone links the east and western garbage patches, acting as a highway for waste to move from one to the other. Because of this, a small item of debris dropped near California can travel across to Japan, then eventually get sucked up by these swirling garbage patch vortexes.

6. The great pacific garbage patch size is quite shocking. These patches of trash are said to be twice the size of Texas and float on the surface but do drop several meters into the ocean in places, which makes the correct size challenging to measure. The world’s largest garbage site is mainly made up of microplastics creating a vast cloud, with newer items of debris that haven’t broken down as much floating around like chunks in a soup. The great pacific garbage patch effects on marine life are extremely significant.

Question. According to the passage, what is set to outnumber the fish in the ocean by the year 2050?
(i) pollution
(ii) garbage
(iii) plastics
(iv) human waste

Answer

(iii) plastics

Question. Marine life is suffering from irreparable damage because of :
I. the chemical pollution of the waters.
II. the rising global warming which is increasing the death rate of the ocean ecosystems.
III. the millions of tons of mismanaged waste dumped in the oceans each year.
(i) I and II
(ii) II and III
(iii) I and III
(iv) I, II and III

Answer

(iii) I and III

Question. _____ locations are recorded as dead zones where marine life cannot exist.
(i) 200
(ii) 350
(iii) 500
(iv) 700

Answer

(iii) 500

Question. The largest trash site on the planet, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, is twice the size of which city?
(i) Arizona
(ii) Florida
(iii) Colorado
(iv) Texas

Answer

(iv) Texas

Question. Which country is ranked number one for mismanaged waste and plastics?
(i) Germany
(ii) China
(iii) USA
(iv) India

Answer

(ii) China

Question. Which of the following is not a place from where 80% of global marine pollution comes?
(i) agriculture run-off
(ii) untreated sewage
(iii) discharge of nutrients and pesticide
(iv) factory waste disposal

Answer

(iv) factory waste disposal

Question. The western garbage patch, which is one of the waste patches that makes up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, is near _____.
(i) Malibu
(ii) California
(iii) Japan
(iv) Hawaii

Answer

(iii) Japan

Question. A small item of debris dropped near California can travel across to Japan because of
(i) the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone
(ii) the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (iii)the gyres
(iv) the vortexes

Answer

(i) the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone

Question. Which of the following statements is not true in the context of the passage?
(i) 90% of the worldwide ocean debris comes from 10 rivers alone.
(ii) 700 marine locations are now recorded as dead zones globally.
(iii) 70% of our debris sinks into the ocean’s ecosystem, 15% floats, and 15 % lands on our beaches.
(iv) 100 million marine animals die each year from plastic waste alone.

Answer

(ii) 700 marine locations are now recorded as dead zones globally.

Question. An extensive system of currents in the North Pacific Ocean is called _____.
(i) debris
(ii) vortex
(iii) convergence
(iv) gyres

Answer

(iv) gyres

Question. Choose an option that is a synonym of the word ‘irreparable’.
(i) mendable
(ii) unrecoverable
(iii) cure
(iv) replace

Answer

(ii) unrecoverable

Question. Choose an option that is an antonym of the word ‘unexplored’?
(i) known
(ii) undiscovered
(iii) irrelevant
(iv) unimportant

Answer

(i) known

Solved Unseen Passage for Class 12 English

1. Dried fruits are basically fresh fruits that have been dried. Fruits are dehydrated by conventional sundrying or other drying techniques. They shrivel up and the pulpy remains are the dry fruits that you enjoy at breakfast or during those mid-meal breaks. As the water content is removed, the fruits become energy-bombs with concentrated nutrients.

2. Some of the most common dry fruits and nuts are raisins, cashew nuts, almonds, walnuts, dates, figs, prunes and apricots. Some varieties of dried fruits like mangoes, pineapples, cranberries, etc., are also available in sugar-coated candied versions. Of these, dry fruits devoid of any additives are the best for your body.

3. Walnuts and almonds for the brain, cashews to fight migraine, apricots for healthy eyes and raisins for digestion – these are only a few benefits of dried fruits and nuts. Dry fruits also help the body in the following ways :

4. Loaded with essential nutrients, the benefits of dry fruits and nuts for health cannot be overlooked. Dry fruits increase your nutrient intake as they are rich in potassium, iron, folate, calcium and magnesium. The antioxidants boost your immunity, keeping you healthy and free from diseases and other illnesses.

5. People who include nuts and dried fruits in their diet are well-aware of dry fruits’ benefits for weight loss. When consumed in moderation, they help you reduce weight and stay fit. Those who swear by dry fruits are known to take in lesser fats, sugar and more essential nutrients for proper metabolism.

6. Raisins and prunes are rich in iron and are beneficial for those who are anaemic. Dry fruits are packed with nutrients like Vitamin B, minerals like phosphorous and copper, and unsaturated fats that boost the regeneration of blood cells and haemoglobin in the body. Almonds, figs, pistachios and cashew nuts also give energy and build stamina. Raisins play a significant role in lowering systolic blood pressure. They control cholesterol and reduce inflammatory markers in the body. Almonds contain Vitamin E and mono unsaturated fatty acids that prevent spikes in cholesterol levels and maintain it at a healthy optimum. Brazil nuts keep a check on blood pressure as they are a source of potassium, magnesium and calcium. As you can see, dry fruits and nuts reduce the risk of heart diseases, stroke and heart attacks.

7. Dry fruits are a rich source of beta carotene, an antioxidant that battles anxiety and depression in people. These antioxidants also improve memory. Dry fruits help to improve sleep and enhance learning and performance.

Question. After removing the water content, the dry fruits become _____ with concentrated nutrients.
(i) unsaturated fats
(ii) healthier
(iii) energy-bombs
(iv) fatty sugar
Ans : (iii) energy-bombs

Question. Some of the most common dry fruits and nuts are :
1. mangoes
2. walnuts
3. lychee
4. cashew nuts
5. raisins
6. dates
7. cranberries
8. apricots
(i) 2, 4, 5, 6 and 8
(ii) 1, 2, 4, 5 and 7
(iii) 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8
(iv) 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7
Ans : (i) 2, 4, 5, 6 and 8

Question. Raisins and prunes are beneficial for those who :
(i) have migraine.
(ii) suffer from anxiety.
(iii) are anaemic.
(iv) have high blood pressure.
Ans : (iii) are anaemic.

Question. Dried fruits pose a threat to our health if :
(i) they are not taken in correct form.
(ii) they are not soaked in water.
(iii) they are not dried properly.
(iv) they are not taken in moderation.
Ans : (iv) they are not taken in moderation.

Question. Brazil nuts keep a check on blood pressure as they are :
(i) a source of potassium, magnesium and calcium.
(ii) contain nutrients like Vitamin B and C.
(iii) packed with minerals like phosphorous and copper.
(iv) mono unsaturated fatty acids that prevent spikes.
Ans : (i) a source of potassium, magnesium and calcium.

Question. Which of the following is not a benefit provided by the antioxidants in the dried fruits?
(i) lowering your systolic blood pressure
(ii) keeping you healthy
(iii) boosting your immunity
(iv) keeping you free from diseases or illnesses
Ans : (i) lowering your systolic blood pressure

Question. Which of the following dried fruits give energy and build stamina?
(i) cashews nuts, raisins and Brazil nuts
(ii) walnuts, apricots and almonds
(iii) raisins and prunes
(iv) almonds, figs, pistachios and cashew nuts 
Ans : (iv) almonds, figs, pistachios and cashew nuts

Question. Dried foods are packed with concentrated sugar and high on calories because :
(i) they are energy boosting foods.
(ii) they are processed foods.
(iii) they do not contain water.
(iv) they are sautéed in watered sugar.
Ans : (iii) they do not contain water.

Question. What does the author mean by the words ‘swear by’?
(i) to share something that is good with others
(ii) to strongly believe that something is effective or useful
(iii) to recommend the good quality of something
(iv) to stand by a thought or opinion
Ans : (ii) to strongly believe that something is effective or useful 

Question. Dry fruits are packed with nutrients like Vitamin B, minerals like phosphorous and copper, and unsaturated fats that :
I. boost the regeneration of blood cells
II. boost haemoglobin in the body
III. boost the immunity of the body
IV. boost energy in the body
(i) I and II
(ii) II and III
(iii) I and IV
(iv) III and IV
Ans : (i) I and II

Question. If the dried fruits with extra calories are consumed, they can become a reason for _____
(i) allergies
(ii) stomach cramps
(iii) weight gain
(iv) heart-related issues
Ans : (iii) weight gain

Question. Beta carotene is an antioxidant that battles :
(i) weight gain and unsaturated fats.
(ii) systolic blood pressure.
(iii) anxiety and depression in people.
(iv) cholesterol and reduces inflammatory markers in the body.
Ans : (iii) anxiety and depression in people.

Unseen Passages for Class 12 English

1. The magnitude 9.0 Japan’s Tohoku Earthquake occurred at 14 :46 local time on Friday. 11 March 2011, 125 km east coast of Honshu and 380 km far from Tokyo and rattled the large parts of Japan and some part of east China and Russia with 30 km depth of the hypocenter. This earthquake that lasted approximately 3 minutes (170 seconds) caused a 130 km long by 159 km wide rupture zone on the pacific plate subduction zone and followed by a huge tsunami with more than 40 meter waves. The destructive aftermaths of this incident made an irreparable disaster not only for the Japan, but also for the whole world because except for the enormous death toll and debris, the damages of nuclear power plants were a hazardous unexpected tragedy.

2. According to the report of the Japanese National Police Agency, 15854 dead. 3167 missing and 26992 injured across twenty prefectures are the result of this devastating earthquake and tsunami which ruined more than 125000 buildings. Moreover. it caused long blackouts for more than 4.4 million buildings and left 1.5 million buildings out of water for days, also large fires were triggered one after another even for weeks after the main quake.

3. Explosion and demolition of the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant (Fukushima Daiichi), which generated radioactive contamination near the plant’s area with irreversible damages to the environment, was one the most significant issues of this catastrophe and ranked 7 (the most severe level for nuclear power plant) based on the International Nuclear Event Scale, similar to the Chernobyl disaster on 26 April 1986. Therefore, it is not strange to consider to this earthquake as the most important destructive seismic event of the beginning of the twenty first century in the advanced industrial world. Division of total 19100 death and missed people by the reason as of 10th March 2012 (CATDAT) is as follows:

4. Losses intensified by hit of the tsunami as the statistics shows it was more fatal (figure given below) and also more buildings destroyed by its strike. However, the quake was the main cause of the partial damage of buildings.

Question. Which of the following country was not affected by the 11 March, 2011 earthquake?
(i) Russia
(ii) Japan
(iii) Indonesia
(iv) China

Answer

(iii) Indonesia

Question. The earthquake of 2011 was followed by:
(i) an unstoppable landslide
(ii) a massive flood
(iii) a huge tsunami
(iv) a volcanic eruption

Answer

(iii) a huge tsunami

Question. Which of the following was not a destructive aftermath of the 11 March 2011 disaster seen worldwide?
(i) increase of seismic activity
(ii) enormous death toll
(iii) huge amount of debris
(iv) damage to nuclear power plants

Answer

(i) increase of seismic activity

Question. What can be considered as the most important destructive seismic event of the beginning of the twenty first century in the advanced industrial world?
(i) huge tsunami with more than 40 meter waves
(ii) Chernobyl disaster on 26 April 1986
(iii) Explosion arid demolition of the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant
(iv) Tohoku earthquake on 11 March, 20111

Answer

(iii) Explosion arid demolition of the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant

Question. According to the passage, maximum people on 11 March, 2011 died because of
(i) shaking and collapse of buildings, houses, etc.
(ii) drowning because of the tsunami.
(iii) indirect causes.
(iv) fire, landslides and other reasons.

Answer

(ii) drowning because of the tsunami.

Question. According to the data as of 10 March 2012, how many people died because of the 2011 disaster?
(i) 3167
(ii) 15,854
(iii) 19,100
(iv) 26,992

Answer

(iii) 19100

Question. According to the report of the Japanese National Police Agency, which of the following was not caused by the devastating earthquake and tsunami of 2011 in Japan?
(i) long blackouts in buildings
(ii) buildings with no water for days
(iii) many areas received no help for days from the rescue team
(iv) large fires triggered one after the other for weeks

Answer

(iii) many areas received no help for days from the rescue team

Question. Which of the following is an antonym of the word ‘rebuild’?
(i) wrecked
(ii) destroyed
(iii) neglected
(iv) ruined

Answer

(ii) destroyed

Question. Which of the following is a synonym of the word ‘permanent’?
(i) significant
(ii) irreversible
(iii) lasting
(iv) final

Answer

(ii) irreversible

Question. Which of the following statement is not true?
(i) The earthquake caused the explosion and demolition of a nuclear power plant.
(ii) The earthquake was the main cause of the partial damage of buildings.
(iii) The earthquake lasted approximately 3 minutes (170 seconds).
(iv) The destructive aftermaths of the earthquake made an irreparable disaster only for Japan.

Answer

(iv) The destructive aftermaths of the earthquake made an irreparable disaster only for Japan.

Question. The explosion and demolition of the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant, which _____ near the plant’s area with irreversible damages to the environment.
(i) spread uncontrollable damage
(ii) caused radioactive residue
(iii) withheld major destruction
(iv) generated radioactive contamination

Answer

(iv) generated radioactive contamination

Solved Unseen Passages for English Class 12

1. Technological evolution is a certainty. Cyber-physical systems, Big Data and the Internet of Things (IoT) have been changing the infrastructure of our world. In the 2020s, these phenomena, which are still in their nascency, will rapidly accelerate due to the increasing digitisation of key areas such as health, science, transport, communications and energy. The ubiquity of technology, and its increased ability to connect and communicate, has paved the way for this tipping point. Beneath the surface, we are moving towards an explosion of change. 2. Over 50% of our global population is now online, and the other half is following fast. To be precise, around 726 million people joined the web in the last three years. These new users will change the shape of the internet. Many of them will be lower income. They are choosing smart phones over laptops and tablets and are more likely to use voice commands. 

3. Geodata and the IoT will create new markets and supply chains. The automation of manufacturing, services and mobility has already begun. Artificial Intelligence (AI) will reach what Gartner terms the ‘Plateau of Productivity’, in which the technology becomes both mainstream and viable. McKinsey estimates that 70% of companies may adopt at least one AI technology by 2030. It is unlikely they will all use it well, but those that do could manage to take us to a place where man and machine are indistinguishable.

4. Bioscience has the potential to be transformative in the 2020s. Gene editing (CRISPR) technology will likely soon be able to edit genomes to allow animal organs to be accepted into human bodies– transforming, and perhaps saving, the lives of people currently waiting for organ transplants. Similar technology can also be used to combat inherited diseases, and even cancer. Elsewhere, gene therapy experiments are using the body’s immune system to fight cancer through re-engineering our cells.

5. Technology has inarguably improved science, health, communications and transport. However, technology has not necessarily corresponded to increased economic productivity. Indeed, many of the most technologically advanced countries have seen productivity stagnate and stall, as discussed in growing inequality and opportunity.

6. In the 2020s many questions around technology will be resolved. The scaffolding is in place. This will be the decade in which AI, Geodata, the IoT, Bioscience, and Quantum Computing are given the opportunity to change our world. Whether this change will be surface- level or truly transformative remains to be seen.

Question. In the line “The ubiquity of technology, and its ……”, the word “ubiquity” does not refer to
(i) Usage
(ii) Ever-present
(iii) Omnipresent
(iv) Pervasive

Answer

(i) Usage

Question. According to Mckinsey,
(i) 70% of all companies will depend on people who can use computers by the end of 2030
(ii) 70% of companies will employ more labour force by the year 2030
(iii) Nearly 70% of the companies will adopt use of at least one AI technology by 2030
(iv) Nearly 70% of all the companies will stop using AI by the end of 2030

Answer

(iii) Nearly 70% of the companies will adopt use of one AI by 2030

Question. One of the important predictions in the passage is that we are going to reach, ‘Plateau of Productivity’ with respect to digitization. Which option most reflects the meaning?
(i) The use of AI will stop as it will become more expensive
(ii) There will be a widespread market use of AI even if it is not viable
(iii) There will be no more resources left to develop AI
(iv) The production and use of AI will be extensive and practicable

Answer

(iv) The production and use of AI will be extensive and practicable

Question. According to the report, the number of 52% of US house-holds become smart from 18% in,
(i) 5 years
(ii) 6 years
(iii) 7 years
(iv) 8 years

Answer

(iii) 7 years

Question. According to the report, how many homes are smart in the year 2020?
(i) 25%
(ii) 33%
(iii) 40%
(iv) 45%

Answer

(ii) 33%

Question. According to the report, what will generate new market chain and supply?
(i) Access to meta-data
(ii) Artificial Intelligence
(iii) Artificial Intelligence and Internet
(iv) Geodata and Internet of Things

Answer

(iv) Geodata and Internet of Things

Question. Based on your understanding of the passage,choose the option that best lists the inherent benefits of biosciences.
1. Will help patients who need organ transplants
2. Will revolutionise use of computers and phones
3. Will revolutionise the industry and its development 
4. Will revolutionise the development of new phones
5. Will allow for genome transformation of animals
6. Will revolutionise the field of cancer treatment
(i) 1, 2, 3
(ii) 1, 5, 6
(iii) 2, 3, 4
(iv) 3, 4, 5

Answer

(ii) 1, 5, 6

Question. According to the passage, what will gene therapy accomplish?
(i) Fight cancer by creating a new immune system
(ii) Fight cancer by making changes in our cells
(iii) Improve body’s immune system
(iv) Fight cancer by making new cells in the body

Answer

(ii) Fight cancer by making changes in our cells

Question. Which of the following statements is not true in the context of the passage?
(i) Technology advancement will change the way we use communication
(ii) Technology advancement will improve economic productivity
(iii) Technology advancement may not improve economic productivity
(iv) Technology advancement will improve medical facilities

Answer

(ii) Technology advancement will improve economic productivity

Question. According to the report, what is the most appropriate conclusion?
(i) Technological development may actually lead to social inequality
(ii) There will be a lot of changes in technology development
(iii) There will be technological development but its impact on society needs to be seen
(iv) There will be technological development but no significant change in society

Answer

(iii) There will be technological development but its impact on society needs to be seen.

Unseen Passage Class 12 English Pdf

1. In today’s idea-driven economy, the cost of time is what really matters. With the constant pressure to innovate, it makes little sense to waste countless collective hours commuting. So, the most efficient and productive regions are those in which people are thinking and working-not sitting in traffic.

2. The auto-dependent transportation system has reached its limit in most major cities and megaregions. Commuting by car is among the least efficient of all our activities – not to mention among the least enjoyable, according to detailed research by the Nobel Prize – winning economist Daniel Kahneman and his colleagues. Though one might think that the economic crisis beginning in 2007 would have reduced traffic (high unemployment means fewer workers traveling to and from work), the opposite has been true. Average commutes have lengthened, and congestion has gotten worse, if anything. The average commute rose in 2008 to 25.5 minutes, “erasing years of decreases to stand at the level of 2000, as people had to leave home earlier in the morning to pick up friends for their ride to work or to catch a bus or subway train,” according to the U.S. Census Bureau, which collects the figures. And those are average figures. Commutes are far longer in the big West Coast cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco and the East Coast cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington D.C. In many of these cities, gridlock has become the norm, not just at rush hour but all day, every day.

3. The costs are astounding. In Los Angeles, congestion eats up more than 485 million working hours a year; that’s seventy hours, or nearly two weeks, of fulltime work per commuter. In D.C., the time cost of congestion is sixty-two hours per worker per year. In New York it’s forty-four hours. Average it out, and the time cost across America’s thirteen biggest city regions is fifty-one hours per worker per year. Across the country, commuting wastes 4.2 billion hours of work time annually – nearly a full work-week for every commuter. The overall cost to the U.S. economy is nearly $90 billion when lost productivity and wasted fuel are taken into account. At the Martin Prosperity Institute, we calculate that every minute shaved off America’s commuting time is worth $19.5 billion in value added to the economy. The numbers add up fast: five minutes is worth $97.7 billion; ten minutes, $195 billion; fifteen minutes, $292 billion.

4. It’s ironic that so many people still believe the main remedy for traffic congestion is to build more roads and highways, which of course only makes the problem worse. New roads generate higher levels of “induced traffic,” that is, new roads just invite drivers to drive more and lure people who take mass transit back to their cars. Eventually, we end up with more clogged roads rather than a long-term improvement in traffic flow.

5. The coming decades will likely see more intense clustering of jobs, innovation, and productivity in a smaller number of bigger cities and city-regions. Some regions could end up bloated beyond the capacity of their infrastructure, while others struggle, their promise stymied by inadequate human or other resources.

Question. The passage most strongly suggests that researchers at the Martin Prosperity Institute share which assumption?
(i) Employees who have longer commutes tend to make more money than employees who have shorter commutes.
(ii) Employees who work from home are more valuable to their employers than employees who commute.
(iii) Employees whose commutes are shortened will use the time saved to do additional productive work for their employers.
(iv) Employees can conduct business activities, such as composing memos or joining conference calls, while commuting.

Answer

(iii) Employees whose commutes are shortened will use the time saved to do additional productive work for their employers. 

Question. As used in the passage, ‘intense’ most nearly means
(i) determined
(ii) emotional
(iii) concentrated
(iv) brilliant

Answer

(iii) concentrated

Question. Which claim about traffic congestion is supported by the graph?
(i) Commuters in Detroit spend more time delayed annually by traffic congestion than do commuters in Houston, Atlanta, and Chicago.
(ii) New York City commuters spend less time annually delayed by traffic congestion than the average for very large cities.
(iii) Los Angeles commuters are delayed more hours annually by traffic congestion than are commuters in Washington D.C.
(iv) Commuters in Washington D.C., face greater delays annually due to traffic congestion than do commuters in New York City.

Answer

(iv) Commuters in Washington D.C., face greater delays annually due to traffic congestion than do commuters in New York City.

Question. The average commute rose in 2008 to _____.
(i) 15.5 minutes
(ii) 20.5 minutes
(iii) 25.5 minutes
(iv) 30.5 minutes

Answer

(iii) 25.5 minutes

Question. Which of the following is not a East Coast city?
(i) New York
(ii) Philadelphia
(iii)Washington D.C.
(iv) Los Angeles

Answer

(iv) Los Angeles

Question. In Washington D.C., the time cost of congestion is _____ per worker per year.
(i) Sixty two hours
(ii) Seventy two hours
(iii)Fifty one hours
(iv) Sixty five hours

Answer

(i) Sixty two hours

Question. What is the overall cost to the U.S. economy when lost productivity and wasted fuel are taken into account?
(i) $20 billion
(ii) $50 billion
(iii) $70 billion
(iv) $90 billion

Answer

(iv) $90 billion

Question. Which of the following statements is not true?
(i) In today’s idea-driven economy, the cost of time is what really matters. 
(ii) In Los Angeles, congestion eats up more than 485 million working hours a year. 
(iii) Commutes are far longer in the big East Coast cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco.
(iv) The coming decades will likely see more intense clustering of jobs, innovation, and productivity in a smaller number of bigger cities and city-regions.

Answer

(iii) Commutes are far longer in the big East Coast cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco.

Unseen Passage for Class 12

Case Based Factual Passages

Read the passage given below.

1. Data released by India’s food quality regulator, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) earlier, shows that nearly 25% samples of edible goods it tested this year were found to be adulterated or in violation of prescribed standards.

2. The samples included milk and dairy products, spices, cereals as well as branded food products. A total of 85,729 sampleswere sent, so far. FSSAI carried out the testing following a spike in complaints from consumers over quality and adulteration, said an agency official.

3. According to the data, 20,390 samples of the 85,729 sent to the agency were found to be non-confirming to prescribed standards. While agency officials maintain that Food Safety Officers in each state regularly test samples to check for compliance and also take recourse in cases of violations according to the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006, experts claim that poor enforcement on the ground and a lack of awareness plague the process.

4. Consumer activist Bijon Mishra said the lengthy legal procedure involved in penalizing violators provides an opportunity to the accused to keep doing business. “Law enforcement is very poor. It takes years to finalise a case and by that time, sellers keep on making profits. Moreover, people are also not aware. Hardly anybody complains about adulteration,” he added.

5. Umesh Sharma, an advocate, said enforcement of rules is very poor on the ground. “The issue is directly related to public health and the government should take serious initiatives to implement food safety rules,” he said. Data from the agency shows an abysmal conviction rate.

6. In 2017, the Law Commission had issued a set of recommendations regarding the issue. The panel had recommended that IPC Sections 272 (dealing with adulteration of food and drinks) and 273 (dealing with the sale of noxious food and drinks) be amended to make adulteration a serious crime. It was also recommended that depending on the gravity of the offence, punishment can include life imprisonment and the minimum sentence should be six months’ jail term.

7. The panel, headed by former Supreme Court judge BS Chauhan, also wanted amendments to Section 357 of the Criminal Procedure Code so that courts can order compensation for victims.

On the basis of your reading answer any ten of the following questions.
Question. What did the data revealed by FSSAI show?   
(a) Branded food contains cancer causing adulterants
(b) Food items consumed violate the food quality standards
(c) With food adulteration, food quality checks have increased
(d) Food adulteration has grown exponentially over the years

Answer

B

Question. Based on your understanding of the passage, choose the option that lists the punishments set for offenders.   
1. Life imprisonment 2. Fine
3. Sentence of 6 months 4. Death sentences
5. Public shaming
(a) 1,2 and 3 (b) 1,4 and 5
(c) 1,3 and 4 (d) 2,3 and 5

Answer

A

Question. What was the reason behind the survey?   
(a) The increasing number of complaints regarding quality and adulteration
(b) Increasing mortality rate
(c) For consumer awareness
(d) Increasing malnutrition

Answer

A

Question. What do the experts claim regarding the data?   
(a) Quality of food is as per the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006
(b) The poor enforcement on the ground and a lack of awareness results in adulteration
(c) The procedure of penalization is very lengthy
(d) The officials are corrupted to the core allowing the penalized to escape

Answer

B

Question. …………… allows the penalised to continue their business.   
(a) Poor law enforcement
(b) Higher connections
(c) Lengthy process
(d) The scope of the business

Answer

C

Question. Select the option that is true for the two statements given below.   
1. Adulteration became a serious crime.
2. Depending on the gravity of the offence, punishment can include life imprisonment.
(a) (1) is the result of (2)
(b) (2) is the result for (1)
(c) (1) is independent of (2)
(d) (1) contradicts (2)

Answer

B

Question. The panel head also called for   
(a) checking of the food safety officers
(b) video data of all safety tests
(c) compensation for the victims
(d) Both (a) and (c)

Answer

D

Class 12 English Unseen Passage

Read the passage given below.

1. If you went only by the number of shopping malls in the country, you would think the brick-and-mortar retail space in India is booming. By the end of this year, India will have more than 87 million square feet of shopping space in its malls. The country already has 570 functional malls, with this number having doubled over the last five years.

2. There is, however, one problem: buyers are no longer doing their shopping at malls. What looked like India’s great retail growth story is turning out to be a tale of empty shopping complexes and stalled projects, with developers giving up midway instead of trying to make these projects profitable. The culprit, data suggests, could be online shopping.

3. A report by The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India pegs the growth rate of e-commerce in India at 40-50% in the next five years. Physical stores are the ones bearing the brunt of massive discounts and comfort that e-commerce has brought to the desks and palms of the youngsters who no longer feel it necessary to visit a retail outlet to buy something. According to the report, 80-85% of the space in the new malls is lying vacant. This problem is being faced by mall owners across the board, starting with metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai, followed by Ahmedabad and Hyderabad. In each of these cities, mall rentals fell by more than 40% owing to fewer footfalls.

4. At the same time, online shopping grew by over 350% in just one year, the report adds. “Apart from convenience, rising fuel price, security reasons, online discounts and availability with abundance of choices are keeping consumers indoors,” said DS Rawat, Secretary General of ASSOCHAM.

5. Even then, revenues continue to come in for some of the malls. The reason: anchor stores. Anchor stores are those specialised stores that offer exclusive products generally not available online. Brands like Zara, H&M and even Starbucks are acting as anchor stores for mall owners, who are rushing to sign them, at times with revenue sharing models and larger exclusive spaces.

6. Evidently, the surge of online retail has also forced mall owners to set their priorities straight, as watching movies and dining out remains among the last few things that people cannot get delivered to their doorstep. “The arrival of the mall syndrome has accelerated the growth of cineplexes as multiplexes are the anchor tenants in most of these malls,” Shravan Shroff, managing director, Shringar Cinemas. Only 17% of Indians are online as of now, a low number compared to other countries. However, these numbers are soon set to swell up exponentially as India hits the mark of 300 million people online before the year ends, leaving mall owners as well as retailers with the mammoth task of luring people away from their computers and phones to physical stores at a time when developers are slowing down on projects.

On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any ten of the following questions.

Question. What does the given passage highlight?   
(a) Increasing number of mall in India.
(b) Growth of online retail in India.
(c) Impact of online retail on malls.
(d) The strategies that malls must utilise to increase footfall.

Answer

C

Question. In the line, “… a tale of empty”, the word “Tale” DOES NOT refer to   
(a) a story
(b) a situation
(c) a report
(d) an account

Answer

A

Question. How does online retail growth affect the shopping malls?   
(a) They are empty.
(b) Mall projects are stalled.
(c) No focus on making business profitable.
(d) Both (a) and (b)

Answer

D

Question. Based on your understanding of the passage, Choose the option that lists the ways in which the e-commerce industry had taken over malls.   
(a) 1,2 and 3
(b) 4,5 and 6
(c) 1,2 and 5
(d) All of these

Answer

D

Question. Choose the option that lists the statement that is not true according to the given graph.   
(a) Between the year 2013 and 2020, online shopping has seen exponential growth.
(b) Online shopping became a part of the Indian shopping market in 2009.
(c) Online shopping saw consistency between 2009-2012.
(d) Online shopping drastically changed the shopping scenario after 2012.

Answer

B

Question. What are Anchor stores?   
(a) Stores that sell customised products.
(b) Stores that provide all kinds of stuff at one place.
(c) Stores that sell product that is not available online.
(d) Stores that offer various options of a product.

Answer

C

Question. What depicts that the growing retail story of India is problematic?   
(a) Reduction in footfall.
(b) Dependence on anchor stores.
(c) Malls remaining empty.
(d) Difficulty faced by mall owners in paying rent.

Answer

B

Unseen Passage For Class 12 English With Answers