See below CBSE Class 10 Social Science Term 2 Sample Paper Set A with solutions. We have provided CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science as per the latest paper pattern issued by CBSE for the current academic year. All sample papers provided by our Class 10 Social Science teachers are with answers. You can see the sample paper given below and use them for more practice for Class 10 Social Science examination.
CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science Term 2 Set A
SECTION – A
1. State any three merits of democracy.
Answer : Merits of Democracy are :
(i) Democracy assures equality in every sphere of life like political, social and economic.
(ii) It upholds basic individual liberties like freedom of speech, etc.
(iii) In a democracy transparency in governance is achieved.
2. Explain the impacts of the First World War on the British economy.
Answer : (i) After the war, Britain found it difficult to recapture its earlier position of dominance in the colonial market.
(ii) To finance war expenditures, Britain had borrowed from the U.S. At the end of the war Britain was burdened with huge external debts.
(iii) The war had led to a huge increase in demand, production and employment.
(iv) The government reduced bloated war expenditures to bring them at par with peace time revenues.
(v) These developments led to huge job losses. In 1921, one in every five British worker was out of work.
3. Describe any three characteristics of the Durg-Bastar-Chandrapur Iron-ore belt in India.
Answer : Durg-Bastar-Chandrapur belt lies in Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra.
(i) It provides very high grade hematite from the famous Bailadila range of hills in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh.
(ii) The range of hills comprise of 14 deposits of super high-grade hematite iron ore. It has the best physical properties needed for steel making.
(iii) Iron ore from these mines is exported to Japan and South Korea via Vishakhapatnam port.
4. The following table shows the sources of credit for rural house holds in Indian in 2012
4.1 What is the share of formal sector in the total credit?
Answer : 51%.
4.2 Suggest two measures for improving the share of formal sector in total credit.
Answer : The measure can be :
(i) The rural people having similar occupations can be asked to organise themselves into self help groups, which will ultimately enable them to get loans from the formal sector.
(ii) More bank branches should be opened in rural ares which should assist borrowers in completing the documentation required for lions, as many rural people are unable to fulfil this essential requirement of the formal sector.
5. What do you mean by ‘balance of trade’? Differentiate between favourable and unfavourable balance of trade.
Answer : Balance of trade means difference between total export and import of a country. It is called favourable and unfavourable in the following conditions –
Favourable : When the value of exports exceeds the value of imports, it is called favourable balance of trade.
Unfavourable : When the value of imports exceeds the value of exports, it is called unfavourable balance of trade.
SECTION – B
6. On the basis of which values will it be a fair expectation that democracy should produce a harmonious social life? Explain.
“Democracies are not appearing to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities.” Analyse the statement.
Answer : A democratic government must safeguard the fundamental rights of every citizen. This is the basis of a harmonious social life. The values that must be followed are :
(i) The rulers elected by the people must take all the major decisions and be responsible to them.
(ii) Elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current government.
(iii) This choice and opportunity should be available to all the people equally.
(iv) The government must be limited by basic rules of the constitution and citizen’s rights.
Democracy and the economic outcomes :
(i) Slow economic development and economic growth can be due to large population.
(ii) Basic needs of life, such as food, clothing, shelter are difficult to achieve in certain democracies.
(iii) Prevalence of economic inequalities are often seen.
(iv) Poverty is still a big issue.
(v) Allocation of resources in few hands.
(vi) Unjust distribution of goods and opportunities. However despite mediocre economic outcomes democracy is preferred for the dignity it provides to every citizen.
7. What led to rise of Bombay and Calcutta ports in the 19th century? Explain.
Answer : Before the machine age, the Indian textile industry, specially cotton and silk goods, dominated the international market. Indian merchant and bankers were involved in the export trade of textiles. Later arrival of European traders like East India Company broke down the network of exports controlled by Indian merchants. It led to decline of old ports like Surat and Hoogly and the growth of new industrial towns like Bombay and Calcutta.
8. Examine any three conditions which should be taken care of by multinational companies to set up their production units.
Answer : The MNCs must ensure that
(i) Cheap raw material is available.
(ii) Cheap yet skilled labor is available.
(iii) The overall production cost is low.
(iv) Availability of large consumer base.
SECTION – C
9. Describe the vital and positive role of credit with examples.
“Fair globalisation would create opportunities for all and also ensure that benefits of globalisation is shared better”. Support this statement.
Answer : ‘Credit’ refers to an agreement in which the lender supplies the borrower with money to buy, goods or services in return for the promise of future payment. Credit plays a vital and positive role as :
(i) Credit helps people from all walks of life in setting up their business, increases their income and support their families.
(ii) To some people loan helps in constructing their houses and get relief from monthly rent.
(iii) To other it helps in raising their living standards.
Example : Sheela has joined a job. She has taken a loan to buy a scooty that she can attend office conveniently and build a career. Without the loan she would have to travel in bus which takes more time. Thus she would not be able to attend evening classes.
It is true that only some people have benefitted from globalisation. If it can be made fairer it will benefit many more people. Fair globalisation would create opportunities for all and also ensure that benefits of globalisation are shared better. This can happen if the following is taken care of-
(i) Government policies must protect the interests not only of the rich and powerful but of all the people in the country.
(ii) Government can ensure that labour laws are properly implemented and the workers get their rights.
(iii) Government should protect small producers to improve their performance till they become strong enough to compete. If necessary the government can use trade and investment barriers.
(iv) The government should negotiate at the WTO for fairer rules and align with other developing countries with similar interests to fight against the domination of developed countries in the WTO.
10. Describe any five characteristics of democracy.
“Democracy is seen as good in principle but found to be not as good in practice” Discuss.
Answer : (i) Democracy is a government that is accountable to the citizens. The citizens have the right and also the means to examine the process of decision making, this ensures accountability .
(ii) The government is expected to practice regular, free and fair elections and have open discussions on important issues.
(iii) A democratic government is responsive towards the expectation of people and to public opinion and attentive to the needs and demands of the people.
(iv) A democratic government is people’s own government. That is why there is an overwhelming support for the idea of democracy all over the world. Democracy is the only form of government where a change in government can happen that too smoothly.
(v) A democratic government is attentive to the needs and demands of the people. In a democracy people have individual dignity and they are all equal.
Democracy means rule by the people or through the representatives elected by the people.
In a democracy every citizen takes part in the decision making process. All the policies, of the government are debated in the Parliament before taking final decisions. This takes a lot of time and leads to delays in the decision-making.
Although democratic government are expected to be attentive to the needs of the people and less corrupt, but in actual practice, it does not happen. Democracies are known to frustrate the needs of the people and often ignore the demand of a major portion of the population . Even developed democracies have been known to favour the affluent and the connected few people.
Democracy is also not free of corruption as politician have been known to indulge in money making. Thus, democracy is seen to be good in principle but felt not good in practice.
Despite all this however, democratic governments are able to correct themselves. Democracy is much superior to any other form of government in promoting dignity and freedom of the individual.
SECTION – D
11. Read the given text and answer the following questions :
Many nationalists thought that the struggle against the British could not be won through non-violence. In
1928, the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) was founded at a meeting in Ferozeshah Kotla ground in Delhi. Amongst its leaders were Bhagat Singh, Jatin Das and Ajoy Ghosh. In a series of dramatic actions in different parts of India, the HSRA targeted some of the symbols of British power. Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Dutta threw a bomb in the Legistative Assembly. Bhagat Singh was 23 when he was tried and executed by the colonial government. During his trial, Bhagat Singh stated that he did not wish to glorify the cult of the bomb and pistol but wanted a revolution in a society.’
11.1 Did Bhagat Singh believe in the cult of the bomb?
Answer : He did not believe in the cult of the bomb or violence. However, he believed in freedom at any cost.
11.2 What did he mean by ‘wanted a revolution in a society?
Answer : There should be a stir among the people to fight for independence.
11.3 What values the above paragraph inculcates?
Answer : Patriotism and sacrifice for the sake of country’s honour.
12. Read the given text and answer the following questions :
District Roads : These roads connect the district headquarters with other places of the district. These roads are maintained by the Zila Parishad.
Other Roads : Rural roads, which link rural areas and villages with towns, are classified under this category. These roads received special impetus under the Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana. Under this scheme special provisions are made so that every village in the country is linked to a major town in the country by an all season motorable road.
12.1 What is the importance of rural roads?
Answer : Rural roads link the rural areas and villages to towns by an all weather road.
12.2 Why are district roads important?
Answer : District roads provide the connectivity between rural roads and state roads and the national highways.
12.3 How are rural roads maintained?
Answer : The Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana ensures the maintenance of the rural roads.
SECTION – E
13. 13.1 On the given outline Political Map of India, identify the place marked as A with the help of following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it.
(A) State in the hill of Gudem where a militant guerrilla movement spread in the early 1920s.
13.2 On the same outline map of India locate the following.
(I) Mumbai – Major Seaport
Meenam bakkam Airport
(II) Rajiv Gandhi International Airport