See below CBSE Class 10 Social Science Term 2 Sample Paper Set F with solutions. We have provided CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science as per the latest paper pattern issued by CBSE for the current academic year. All sample papers provided by our Class 10 Social Science teachers are with answers. You can see the sample paper given below and use them for more practice for Class 10 Social Science examination.
CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science Term 2 Set F
1. Why did Mahatma Gandhi perceive salt as a powerful symbol that could unite the nation?
Answer : (i) Salt was something consumed by the rich and the poor alike.
(ii) The tax on salt and the government monopoly over its production revealed the most oppressive face of the British rule.
(iii) Gandhiji thought that salt could be used as a powerful symbol to unite the people.
2. Why is international trade considered as the economic barometer of a country?
Answer : (i) It is important for the development of a country. Advancement of international trade is an index of its economic prosperity.
(ii) As resources are space bound, no country can survive without international trade.
(iii) It enables a country to earn foreign exchange.
3. What is the role of the opposition party in a democracy?
Answer : (i) It gives its own opinion on the policies of the ruling party.
(ii) It puts different views in the parliament and criticises the government for its failures of wrong policies.
(iii) Opposition will keep a check on the ruling party and it will compel the ruling party to change its stand.
4. What are the terms of credit?
Answer : (i) Interest rate
(iv) Mode of payment
5. Read the data in the table given below and answer the questions that follow:
5.1 Compare the production of the three sectors and mention which sector has maximum share in the production of fabric.
Answer : Powerloom
5.2 Why is it important for the country to keep the mill sector loomage lower than the power loom and the handloom?
Answer : By lowering the loomage of the mills, poor workers can gain and meet the competition with mass goods production.
(ii) Handlooms will help in providing jobs in the rural areas and minimise the migration of villagers to the cities.
6. “Cheap and affordable credit is crucial for the country’s development” – Explain.
Answer : (i) Credit helps in increasing earnings and therefore the person’s standard of living increases.
(ii) Credit helps to generate capital for future development.
(iii) Credit helps in the development of infra structure which in turn will result in overall development.
7. “Plantation Workers had their own understanding of Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas and the notion of Swaraj” Explain this statement.
Answer : (i) For plantation workers freedom meant the right to move freely in and out of their confined space in which they were enclosed.
(ii) Swaraj meant for them, maintaining a link with the village from where they had come.
(iii) Under the Inland Immigration Act of 1859 plantation workers were not permitted to leave the tea gardens without permission.
(iv) When they heard of the non-cooperation movement thousands of workers defied the authorities, left the plantations and headed home.
(v) They believed that Gandhiraj was coming and that everyone would be given land in their village.
8. “Lack of internal democracy within parties is the major challenge to political parties all over the world”- Analyse the statement.
Answer : (i) All over the world there is a tendency among political parties to concentrate power in one or a few leaders at the top.
(ii) Parties do not maintain membership registers and do not hold organisational meetings.
(iii) They do not conduct internal elections regularly.
(iv) Ordinary members of the party are ignorant about major decisions taken by the party.
(v) The leaders assume greater powers to make decisions in the name of the party.
9 “Democracy leads to peaceful and harmonious life among people in the world” Support the statement with examples.
Answer : (i) No society can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups.
(ii) Democracy is more suitable to resolve conflicts as it respects the differences and evolves a mechanism to negotiate these differences.
(iii) Democracy is not simply rule by majority opinion. The majority always needs to work with the minority, so that the government can function by representing the opinion of the common people.
(iv) The rule of the majority does not become rule by majority on the basis of racial or linguistic groups.
(v) Rule by majority means that in case of every election or every decision, different persons and groups may form a majority.
“The fact that people are complaining is itself a testimony to the success of democracy” Justify this statement.
Answer : (i) Democracy supports dignity and freedom of citizens.
(ii) Some people always feel that they are not treated with due respect. The passion for respect and freedom are the basis of democracy.
(iii) Democracy strengthens the claims of disadvantaged and discriminated classes for equal status and equal opportunity.
(iv) As democracy passes one test, it produces another test. As people get some benefits of democracy, they ask for more and want to make democracy even more better.
(v) When we ask people about the way democracy functions, they will always come up with more expectations and many complaints. The fact that people are complaining is itself a testimony to the success of democracy.
10. Analyse the importance of MNCs in promoting the Globalisation process.
Answer : (i) MNCs have lead to availability of products from all over the world, for example India has MNCs like Hyundai which has led to greater availability of cars from other countries.
(ii) MNCs from developing countries are also reaching out to developed countries like Tata Tea, Tate Motors, etc.
(iii) It lead to greater movement of labour across the world.
(iv) MNCs have increased the inflow of foreign capital across different countries.
(vi) This has led to transfer of education and technology e.g. Samsung brings in more advanced technology for manufacturing electronic goods in countries like India.
Mention any five positive effects of Globalisation on Indian economy.
Answer : (i) The emergence of MNCs has led to increased competitions among producers. This competition has benefitted the well-off sections of consumers in urban areas.
(ii) It has lead to greater choice among goods and consumers enjoy improved quality at lower price.
(iii) People enjoy higher standard of living
(iv) Local companies have prospered.
(v) Top companies are able to benefit with improvement in technology and more investment.
(vi) Many Indian companies have emerged as MNCs themselves.
11. Read the given text and answer the following questions.
Many nationalists thought that the struggle against the British could not be won through non-violence. In 1928 the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) was founded at a meeting in Firoze Shah Kotla, in Delhi.
Amongst its leaders were Bhagat Singh, Jatin Das andAjoy Ghosh. In a series of dramatic activities in different parts of India, the HSRA targeted some of the symbols of British power. In April 1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Dutta threw a bomb in the Legislative Assembly. In the same year there was an attempt to blow up the train Lord Irwin was travelling in. Bhagat Singh was 23 when he was tried and executed by the Colonial government. During his trial Bhagat Singh stated that he did not wish to glorify “the cult of the bomb and the pistol”, but wanted a revolution in society:
“Revolution is the inalienable right of mankind. Freedom is the imprescriptible birthright of all”. The labourer is the real sustainer of society…….. To the altar of this revolution we have brought our youth as incense, for no sacrifice is too great for so magnificent a cause. We are content, We await the advent of revolution. Inquilab Zindabad”
11.1 How were the activities of HSRA different from that of Gandhiji’s ideology?
Answer : (i) The leaders of HSRA thought that the struggle against the British could not be won through non-violence.
(ii) In a series of dramatic activities in different parts of India the HSRA targeted some of the symbols of British power.
11.2 What was Bhagat Singh’s message to the youth?
Answer : Bhagat Singh called upon the youth to sacrifice their life at the altar of the revolution which was being organised for the cause of India’s freedom.
11.3 How did Bhagat Singh justify the activities of HSRA during his trial?
Answer : (i) During his trial, Bhagat Singh stated that he did not wish to glorify “the Cult of the bomb and the pistol”, but wanted a revolution in the society.
(ii) He felt that revolution is the inalienable right of mankind and that freedom is our birthright. According to him no sacrifice is too great for so magnificent a cause. He awaited the advent of revolution.
12. Read the given text and answer the given questions:
Tourism in India has grown substantially over the last three decades. Foreign tourists’ arrivals in the country witnessed an increase of 23.5% during the last decade thus contributing Rs 21,828 crores of foreign exchange.
Over 2.6 million foreign tourists visit India every year. More than 15 million people are directly engaged in tourism industry. Tourism also promotes national integration, provides support to local handicrafts and cultural pursuits. It also helps the development of international understanding about our culture and heritage. Foreign tourists visit India for heritage tourism, eco tourism, adventure tourism, cultural tourism, medical tourism and business tourism.
Rajasthan, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir and temple towns of South India are important destinations of foreign tourists in India. There is vast potential of tourism development in the north-eastern states and interior parts of Himalayas, but due to strategic reasons these have not been encouraged so far. However, there lies a brigh future ahead in this tourism industry.
12.1 Mention some of the most important destinations of the foreign tourists in India.
Answer : Rajasthan, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir and temple towns of South India.
12.2 Why has tourism not developed in the north-eastern states of India and the interior parts of Himalayas despite having a vast potential for tourism?
Answer : (i) Most of these areas are inaccessible and are covered with dense forests and hilly terrain.
(ii) Natural calamities like floods and landslides often pose problems to tourists.
(iii) Inadequate infra structural facilities.
(iv) Porous borders
12.3 What are the benefits of tourism like a country like India?
Answer : (i) It helps in earning foreign exchange
(ii) It promotes national integration
(iii) It provides help to local handicrafts and cultural pursuits.
(iv) It helps in the development of international understanding of our culture and heritage.
13. 13.1 On the given outline political map of India, identify the place marked as A with the help of the following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it.
(A) The place associated with the Civil Disobedience Movement.
13.2. On the same give map of India locate the following:
(I) Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant
Gandhi Nagar Software Technology park
(II) Netaji Subash Chandra Bose international airport.