Please refer to Colonialism and The Countryside Class 12 History Important Questions with solutions provided below. These questions and answers have been provided for Class 12 History based on the latest syllabus and examination guidelines issued by CBSE, NCERT, and KVS. Students should learn these problem solutions as it will help them to gain more marks in examinations. We have provided Important Questions for Class 12 History for all chapters in your book. These Board exam questions have been designed by expert teachers of Standard 12.
Class 12 History Important Questions Colonialism and The Countryside
Very Short Answer Questions :
Question. When did limitation law passed by British ?
Question. What was the British policy towards Pahariyas?
Ans. In 1770 the British embarked upon a brutal policy of extermination hunting Pahariyas down and killing them.
Question. Why did Zamidar defaulted at payment?
Ans. The initial demand was very high. This was because it failed.
Question. Who were Paharias?
Ans. Paharias were hill folk.
Short Answer Questions :
Question what was fifth report?
Ans. The fifth report was submitted to the British Parliament in 1813 about administrative activities of the East India Company.
Question. What was the British policy towards Pahariyas? Write any two points.
Ans. (i) In 1770 the British embarked upon a brutal policy of extermination hunting Pahariyas down and killing them.
(ii) By the 1780s Augustus Cleveland the collector of Bhagalpur proposed a policy of pacification. Pahariya Chiefs were given an annual allowence and made responsible for proper conduct of their men. They were expected to maintain order in their locality.
Question. What are the problems of using official sources in writing about the history of peasants?
Ans. (1) The official sources reflect official concerns and interpretation of events.
(2) The government was not ready to admit that discontent was because of government action.
(3) Official reports must be verified with evidence gathered from newspapers, unofficial records, legal records and oral sources.
Question. How did Jotdars resist Zamindars?
Ans. (1) They prevented Zamindars from performing their duties;
(2) They mobilized riots against Zamindars.
Question. What were the reason of the rise of Jotedar? Describe it.
Ans. I. By the early 19th century Jotedar had aquaired vast area of land some time as much as several thousand acres.
II. They controlled local trade as well as money lending exercising immense power over poorer cuiltivators of the region.
III. Jotedar were located in village and exercise direct control over a considerable section of poor villagers.
IV. When the Estate of Zamindars were auctioned for failure to make revenue payment Jotedar were often amongst the purchasers.
Question. Why did Zamidar default at payment? Discuss it.
Ans. (i) The initial demand was very high this was because it was failed if the demand was fixed for all time to come the Company would never be able to claim a share of increased income from land when prices grows and cultivation expanded to minimize this anticipated loss , the company paid the revenue demand high.
(ii) This high demand was imposed in 1790s a time when the prices of agriculture produce were depressed making it difficult for Ryot to pay their dues to the zamindar.
(iii) The revenue was invariable regardless of harvest and had to be paid punctually.
(iv) Permanent settlement initially limited the power of Zamindar to collect the rent from the Ryot and managed its zamindari.