CBSE Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper Set A

Sample Paper Class 10

See below CBSE Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper Set A with solutions. We have provided CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science as per the latest paper pattern issued by CBSE for the current academic year. All sample papers provided by our Class 10 Social Science teachers are with answers. You can see the sample paper given below and use them for more practice for Class 10 Social Science examination.

CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science Set A

Section A
This section consists of one case based question.

Case Based Question

Read the given source and answer the following questions.

The exchange of goods among people, states and countries is referred to as trade. The market is the place where such exchanges take place. Trade between two countries is called international trade. Itmay take place through sea, air or land routes. While local trade is carried in cities, towns and villages, state level trade is carried between two or more states. Advancement of international trade of a country is an index to its economic prosperity. It is, therefore, considered the economic barometer for a country. As the resources are space bound, no country can survive without international trade. Export and import are the components of trade. The balance of trade of a country is the difference between its export and import. When the value of export exceeds the value of imports, it is called a favourable balance of trade. On the contrary, if the value of imports exceeds the value of exports, it is termed as unfavorable balance of trade. India has trade relations with all the major trading blocks and all geographical regions of the world. The commodities exported from India to other countries include gems and jewellery, chemicals and related products, agriculture and allied products, etc.

(i) How International trade maximises world output? Choose the best suitable option:
(a) Through countries specialising in production of goods they are best suited for.
(b) Through competition between countries and other special regions.
(c) Through countries reducing various imposed taxes.
(d) All of the above
Answer : A

(ii) Why no country can survive without International Trade? Infer the correct optionwith reference to the given context.
(a) Because it helps in bringing economic prosperity.
(b) Because it helps in exchange of surplus goods with those of deficit countries.
(c) Because it helps to increase Foreign Exchange Reserves.
(d) All of the above
Answer : D

(iii) Assertion (A) Trade is economically important for a country.
Reason (R) Trading helps largely in developing countries like India. Advancement of trade is an index to its economic prosperity.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true
Answer : A

(iv) Which factors can influence a country’s Balance of Trade? Identify the correct option.
(a) Trade Policies
(b) Foreign exchange rates
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d)High Import duty
Answer : C

(v) Fill in the blank with suitable option.
In order to make favourable balance of trade, the government should ………… .
(a) impose taxes on local producers
(b) give priorities to local producers
(c) excel in the areas of production
(d) impose trade barriers
Answer : A

Section B
This section consists of 5 questions of Short Answer Type.

Short Answer Questions

2. “History and fiction, folklore and songs, popular prints and symbols all played a part in making of nationalismin India.” Support the statement.
Answer : History and fiction, folklore and songs, popular prints and symbols, all played a part in the making of nationalism in India.” This statement is explained below:
● The Identity of a nation is usually related to a figure or an image that will help its citizens to identify the nation.
● With the growth of nationalism in the twentieth century, the image of India began to be associated with that of Bharat Mata. It was firstly created by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
● He also composed Vande Matram as a hymn to the motherland which was later included in his novel Anandamath and widely sung during the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal.
● Abanindranath Tagore painted the famous image of Bharat Mata. This painting as an ascetic figure displaying features of calm, compose, divine and spiritual.
● Over the years, this painting acquired many forms that were circulated in popular prints and was painted by different artists.


Who formed the Swaraj Party? Why was the party formed?
Answer : The swaraj party was formed by Indian politicians- – Motilal Nehru and Chittaranjan Das and other members of the Indian National Congress on 1 January 1923.
The swaraj party was formed to:
Fight British colonialism
Demonstrate that these councils were not truly democratic
Pressurize the government for various reforms through councils

3. How credit has its own unique role for development? State any three reasons. 
Answer : Credit is an agreement in which the lenders are the border was what money for the promise of the future payment. There are generally two sources of credit. Credit has its own unique role in development because of the following reasons:
1. Firstly credit is provided to increase the income and to borrow the necessary requirements so that a surplus can be generated.
2. Secondly with credit people could grow their business they are small-scale industries they can set up a new manufacturing unit etc.
3. Thirdly with the help of credit the business can be expanded and diversified depending upon the nature of the business.


“Banks and cooperative societies are required to increase their lending facilities in rural ares.” Give reasons to explain the statement.
Answer : In order to improve credit situation in India, it is important to provide cheap loans and credit schemes ot rural households. To set up more banks in rural remote areas, making people ware about cooperatives, SHG’s. These sources must extend their services in rural areas and try to reach out to all. Providing loans with reasonable interest rate, generating greater awareness among people about formal sources so as to reduce their dependence on informal sector. It will also prevent people from getting exploited through borrowings from informal sources. To serve as building blocks for rural households. This will help people to start up their small business, or trade in certain goods. It can also help farmers to expand cultivation, to diversify their production. People can also set up small scale industries. It can certainly be a an engine of growth. 

4. Pipelines transportation network is a new arrival on the transportation map of India. Analyse its merits and demerits. 
Answer : (i) Previously these were used to transport water to cities and industries.
(ii) Presently these are used to transport crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas.
(iii) Initial cost of laying pipelines is high but running costs are minimal.
(iv) It rules out delay and losses. Some networks are from oilfield in upper Assam to Kanpur


“Road transport in India is not competitive but complementary to railways.” Justify the statement by giving three points.
Answer : The statement ‘Road Transport’ and ‘Rail Transport’ in India are not competitive but complementary to each other, can be justified in the following ways : (i) Road transport is more suitable for short distances, whereas rail transport is more suitable for long distances. (ii) Road transport is economical in the transportation of few persons and relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances, whereas rail transport is more suitable for a large number of people and heavy goods. (iii) It is beneficial for perishable goods to be carried by roads in short period of time, whereas nonperishable and bulky goods are transported by railways for longer distances. (iv) Road transport increases the efficiency of railways. (v) Road transport links the rural areas with railway stations. (vi) The deficiency of railways is compensated by road transport.

5. Why political parties are called the government in disguise? Give three arguments in this regard. 
Answer : The political parties play an important role in democracy as: i Parties contest elections: In most democracies elections are fought mainly among the candidates put up by political parties.ii Parties put forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from them.iii Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country.iv Parties shape public opinions. They raise and highlight issues.v Form and run Role of opposition. Opposition role is important in democracy as it voices different views and criticize government for its failures or wrong policies.vii Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes implemented by governments.

6. “A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of democratic project.” Justify the statement. 
Answer : A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of democratic project as: i It shows that people have developed awareness and the ability to expect. ii People look critically at power holders. They want to make democracy better. iii They come up with expressions and complaints. iv They value their democratic rights.

Section C
This section consists of 3 questions of Long Answer Type.

Long Answer Questions

7. How the Civil Disobedience Movement came into force in various parts of the country and united different groups in the country?
Answer : The salt march started by Gandhi ji from Sabarmati ashram to the coast of Dandi marked the beginning of the civil Disobedience movement. Thousands of people in different parts of the country broke the Salt law, manufactured salt and demonstrated in front of government salt factories.


How the Non-Cooperation Movement came into force and united the country?
Answer : The Non-cooperation movement was a political campaign launched on January 1921, by Mahatma Gandhi to have Indians revoke their cooperation from the British government, with the aim of inducing the British to grant self-governance.

8. Explain five political outcomes of democracy. 
Answer : Five outcomes of Democracy:
(i) Accountable, responsive and legitimate government.
(ii) Economic growth and development.
(iii) Reduction of inequality and poverty.
(iv) Accommodation of social diversity.
(v) Dignity and freedom of the citizens.
Detailed Answer:
Five outcomes of democracy:
(i) In a democratic nation, the government is accountable to the citizens. It is responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens. Moreover, the government is efficient and effective. The democratic governments work on the principle of deliberation and negotiation, so delays take place.
(ii) In a democracy, decisions are based on norms and procedures. Decision making is transparent, i.e. every citizen has the right to examine the entire process of decision making.
(iii) In a democracy, the right to question the process of decision making is absent.
(iv) It is provided that a democratic government is accountable, but there isn.t any mechanism to hold the government accountable and the decision making is not based on norms and procedures.
(v) Democracy is solely based on political equality. Every citizen has an equal weight in electing representatives. However, the same is not true in the economic field. In democratic countries, the poor usually become poorer and often find it hard to cater to the basic essentials of life like food, clothing, higher education, and health. Democracies have massively failed in this regard.


In actual life democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities. Explain thestatement.
Answer : The statement “Democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities” is mostly true. The society is divided into rich section and the poor section the rich keep getting richer and the economic burden falls upon the poor.

9. Write down the advantages of Foreign Trade. 
Answer :
 1. Increased profits
One of the most significant benefits of international trade is the possibility to expand your client base. Each country you add to your list can provide a new avenue for revenue development and expansion.

2. Reduction in competition
In the United States, your product and services may face stiff rivalry, but in other nations, you may face less competition.

3. Increased product longevity
Certain products’ sales might fall in the United States as people quit buying them or upgrade to better versions.

4. More straightforward cash flow management
Answer : One of the unspoken benefits of overseas trading may be getting paid in advance.
When dealing internationally, it may be standard practise to request payment in advance, whereas managing cash flow while waiting to get paid at home may require more creativity. Expanding your firm internationally could help you better manage your cash flow.

5. More effective risk management
Answer : Market diversity is one of the major benefits of international trade. Concentrating solely on the home market may put you at greater risk from economic downturns, political events, environmental calamities, and other risk factors. You may be able to offset potential hazards in your primary market by being less reliant on a single market.


What are the merits and demerits of globalisation in a developing country such as India?
Answer : Following are some of the advantages and disadvantages of globalisation
Advantages of globalisation:
Globalisation helps in pooling all the resources together.
Globalisation helps in the development of underdeveloped countries.
Globalisation encourages free trade among nations.
Globalisation creates more employment opportunities
Disadvantages of globalisation:

It may lead to outsourcing of jobs from a native country due to availability of cheap labour in another country.
It will benefit the wealthy people more than the poor.
It will result in an increase in emission of greenhouse gases that will have a direct impact on the environment.