Assignments Class 10 Social Science Development

Assignments for Class 10

Please refer to Assignments Class 10 Social Science Development Chapter 1 with solved questions and answers. We have provided Class 10 Social Science Assignments for all chapters on our website. These problems and solutions for Chapter 1 Development Class 10 Social Science have been prepared as per the latest syllabus and books issued for the current academic year. Learn these solved important questions to get more marks in your class tests and examinations.

Development Assignments Class 10 Social Science

Fill in the blanks :

Question. In world development report, brought out by the world bank, ___ is used in classifying countries.
Ans. Average income

Question. The average income is also known as _____ .
Ans. Percapita income

Question. Development that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs ___ .
Ans. Sustainable development

Question. BMI stands for ______ .
Ans. Body mass index

Question. The maximum age upto which an adult is expected to live at birth is called ______ .
Ans. Life expectancy

Multiple Choice Questions

Question. The per-capita income of different countries is counted in which currency ?
(a) Rupees
(b) Pounds
(c) Us Dollars
(d) Canadian dollars
Ans. (c) Us Dollars

Question. The total no. of children attending school as a percentage of total no. of children in the same age group is called ______ .
(a) Net attendance ratio
(b) Literacy rate
(c) Gross enrolment ratio
(d) level of education.
Ans. (a) Net attendance ratio

Question. _____ helps in maintaining the nuttritional level of poor people by providing food at lower cost.
(a) Public Distribution System (PDS)
(b) Body Mass Index (BMI)
(c) Gross National Income (GNI)
(d) Human Development Index (HDI)
Ans. (a) Public Distribution System (PDS)

Question. Per capita income hides :
(a) Economic dispartities
(b) Average income
(c) Total population
(d) None of these
Ans. (a) Economic dispartities

Question. A good way to measure the quality of life in countries across the world is by comapring their _____ .
(a) Per capita income
(b) Human development index
(c) gross national income
(d) Sustainable development
Ans. (b) Human development index

True or False

Question. Average income and per-capita income both are the same concepts _____ .
Ans. True

Question. Life expectancy is age at the time of death.
Ans. False

Question. A person having BMI of less than 18.5 is underweight or under norished person ____ .
Ans. True

Question. HDI is compared on the basis of educational only.
Ans. False

Question. Meaning of development is different for different people ____ .
Ans. True

Assertion and Reason Based Questions

In the questions given below there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and select the correct option.
(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is correct (R) is incorrect
(d) (A) is incorrect but (R) is correct.

Question. Assertion : Sustainable development is essential for economic growth of the countries.
Reason : Sustainable development ensures that environment friendly measures are adopted for carrying aout production process.
Ans. (a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

Question. Assertion : Different people have different development goals.
Reason : Developmental goals of different people are always conflicting.
Ans. (b) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

Question. Assertion : The average income of a country is about US $ 12,056 : however the country is still not a developed country.
Reason : The income levels are highly skewed for the country.
Ans. (a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

Question. Assertion : A high average income is not indicative of the overall well being or human development in a country.
Reason : Average income does not cover Indicators like level of literacy rate, health facilities and public facilities in a country.
Ans. (a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

Question. Assertion : A country that was extremely rich in natural resources has mainly relied on oil extraction for revenue generation for several centuries. However, the scientists predict that the country may become poor in the future if other means of generating income are not devised.
Reason : Oil is a non renewable resource and it is likely to get exhausted if not used judiciously.
Ans. (a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

Long Answer Type Questions

Question. Why is literacy essential for the economic development? Explain?
Ans. Literacy is an essential element for the economic development since:
• Education gives us vast knowledge.
• A literate person is eligible to get suitable employment.
• Education develops the ability to implement modern technology.
• Literate people understand the importance of remaining healthy and stay away from the deadly disease.

Question. Why do different persons have different notions of development? Explain?
Ans. Different people has different notion for development because:
• It is because the life situations of persons are different.
• People seek things that are most important for them or that which can fulfill their aspirations or desire.
• What may be development for one may not be for the other. It may even be destructive for the other.
• For example: The developmental goals of a boy from a rich urban family would be to get admission in a reputed college, whereas the developmental goals of a girl from a rich urban family would be to get as much freedom as her brother.

Question. “Girls in India in the rural sector are sometimes not able to get secondary level education”. Give three reasons for this.
Ans. • Gender Discrimination
• ‘Poverty
• Distance

Question. In what respect is the criterion used by the UNDP for measuring development different from the one used by the World Bank?

Assignments Class 10 Social Science Development

Question. Briefly define the following terms.

A. Infant Mortality Rate
Ans. Infant mortality rate is number of deaths under one year of age occurring among the live births in given geographical area during a given year.

B. Net Attendances Ratio
Ans. Net Attendance ratio is defined as the ratio of the number of people in the official age-group attending any educational institution in a particular class-group to the total number of people in the agegroup.

C. Literacy Rate
Ans. Literacy rate is the total percentage of the population of an area at a particular time aged seven years or above who can read and write with understanding.

Question. Study the given data & Answer the questions:

Assignments Class 10 Social Science Development

(I) Which state has highest per capita income?
Ans. Maharastra

(ii) Which state has highest literacy rate what could be the possible resource for this?
Ans. Kerala. Highest N.A.R.

(iii) Which has highest infant mortality rate & what could be the reason according to you for this?
Ans. Bihar. Low literacy

Question. Money in your pocket cannot buy all the goods and services that you may need to live well. Is it true? Elucidate.
Ans. Money cannot buy all the goods and services that you may need to live well.
• Money cannot buy us pollution-free environment.
• Money cannot buy us a disease-free life and might not be able to get protection from infectious disease.
• Beside money, people also like to have equal treatment in the society, freedom, dignity and honor in their lives, which money cannot buy them.

Source Based Questions

Question. One way to find out if adults are undernourished is to calculate what nutrition scientists call Body Masss Index (BMI). This is easy to calculate. Take the weight of the pedrson in Kg. Then take the height in metres. Divide the weight by the square of the height. In this figure is less than 18.5 then the person would be considered undernourished. However, if this BMI is more than 25, then a person is overweight. Do remember that this criterion is not applicable to growing children.
Let each student in a class find out the weight and height of three adult persons of different economic backgrounds such as construction workers., domestic servants, office workers, businesspersons etc. Collect the data from all the students and make a combined table. Calculate their BMI. Do you find any relationship between economic background of person and her/his nutritional status ?

1. Who compares countries based on the eduation levels of the people, their health status and per capita income as their indicators to prepare their Human developement report?
(b) UNO
(c) UNDP
(d) UNEP
Ans. (c) UNDP

2. According to the table, which country has the best HDI Rank in the world?
(a) Pakistan
(b) India
(c) Nepal
(d) Sri Lanka
Ans. (d) Sri Lanka

3. Which is the only way to find out whether we are properly nourished ?
(a) To calculate our body weight
(b) To calculate our body built.
(c) To calculate our body mass Index
(d) To calculate our height
Ans. (c) To calculate our body mass Index

4. Arrange the following in the correct sequence for calculating the body mass Index (BMI)
(i) Convert the height recorded in cms into mtrs.
(ii) Take the weight of each individual in kg.
(iii) Take the height by drawing up a scale on the wall and measure accurately with head straight.
(iv) Divide the weight in kg by the sequre of the height
Options are :
(a) (i) (ii) (iv) (iii)
(b) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)
(c) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(d) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)
Ans. (c) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)