Physical Education and Sports for CWSN Class 12 Physical Education Important Questions

Important Questions Class 12

Please refer to Evolution Class 12 Physical Education and Sports for CWSN Important Questions with solutions provided below. These questions and answers have been provided for Class 12 Physical Education and Sports for CWSN based on the latest syllabus and examination guidelines issued by CBSE, NCERT, and KVS. Students should learn these problem solutions as it will help them to gain more marks in examinations. We have provided Important Questions for Class 12 Physical Education and Sports for CWSN for all chapters in your book. These Board exam questions have been designed by expert teachers of Standard 12.

Class 12 Physical Education and Sports for CWSN Important Questions Evolution

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question. What are some qualities that trainers of students with special needs should have?
Ans. The qualities that a trainer with special needs should have knowledge about the sub-discipline or specialized areas within the discipline of physical education. He should have an understanding of the integration or inter – relationship of these sub-disciplines.

Question. Who are the participants of the Paralympic Games?
Ans. The participants of Paralympic Games are:
• Patients with spinal cord injuries
• Athletes with mobility disabilities
• Patients with amputations
• Blinds
• Cerebral palsy.

Question. Who oversees the Paralympic Games?
Ans. The International Paralympic Committee(IPC) oversees the organization of athletics and other games, which are held immediately after the Summer and Winter Olympics as Summer Paralympic Games and Winter Paralympic games respectively.

Question. What are the Deaflympics about?
Ans. The Deaflympic Games are an international sports event for deaf athletes.

Question. Define Special Educator.
Ans. Special educator is one who is specialise in the field of special education and exerts in working with students with special needs with learning mental, emotional and physical disabilities.

Question. Define Inclusive Education.
Ans. Inclusive education means bringing students with disabilities under the same umbrella under which students of general education are covered. The idea is to treat them equally and provide them the same academic and vocational opportunities that their peers receive.

Question. What is Special Olympics Bharat?
Ans. Special Olympics Bharat is a programme of Special Olympics International authorized to conduct Special Olympics for sportspersons with intellectual disabilities in India.

Question. Who is a Special Education Counsellor?
Ans. Special education counsellor is one who looks after the students with special needs and their well-being, taking into consideration the academic, vocational, social and psychological factors. He communicates with the students and determines the problems and their causes, and arrives at solutions after consulting with parties.

Question. Who started the Paralympic Games? 
Ans. Sir Luding Gutmann started the Paralympic Movement that finally developed into Paralympic Games.

Question. What does a Speech Therapist do?
Ans. A speech therapist, also called speech language pathologist (SLP) or simply speech pathologist, works with communicative and speech disorders, which may be speech and lingual issues, problems with swallowing and voice, cognitive-communication, etc.

Question. Define adaptive physical education.
Ans. It is a modified or individualized programme that caters to the special needs of disabled students.
It can be defined as under: “a diversified programme of developmental activities, games, sports and rhythm, suited to the interests, capacities and limitations of a student with disabilities, who may not safely or successfully engage in unrestricted participation in the general physical education programme.” 

Question. Who is an Occupational Therapist?
Ans. An occupational therapist is one who helps students with special needs to perfect their fine motor and visual skills and to aid them in gaining correct hand – eye coordination and also to translate of sensory perception and a spatial awareness.

Short Answer Type Questions

Question. How do you define ‘disability’?
Ans. The persons with disability are defined under Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act, 1955 as under:
• Blindness
• Low vision
• Leprosy–cured
• Hearing impairment
• Loco motor disability
• Mental retardation
• Mental illness
American legislation further specifies the categorization by including multiple disabilities, serious emotional disturbance, traumatic, brain, injury and other health impairment.

Question. How is physical education beneficial for students with disability?
Ans. Physical Education is considered as an indispensable and an essential aspect for disabled students. To include them adaptive physical education was introduced as a subdiscipline.
It is a modified or individualized programme that caters to the needs of disabled students. It creates a space for them to realize physical and mental well-being.

Question. What is the vision of Special Olympics Bharat?
Ans. The vision of special Olympic Bharat is to:
• Promote holistic development and training that goes beyond the classrooms and brings the participants to the sports arena and further to the larger cultural and community spaces.
• Encourage children to join and remain  in school so that they receive the same education as their more abled counterparts. 
• Produce inspiring role models and also to give a moral and beneficial incentive to parents to send their children to school for both academic education and participation in sports.
• Prepare and sensitive teachers to the specific needs of special children a cadre of physical education teachers from among the disabled community with the ability to work both within and outside of the school.
• Involve the community at large for understanding and accepting people with intellectual disabilities and encourage local people to volunteer.
• Make sure that all Special Olympic Bharat activities reflect the Olympic Movement values and standards.

Question. What are the objectives of adapted physical education?
Ans. The objectives of adapted physical education can be enumerated as under:
• Develop fundamental motor skills and patterns of students with disabilities, such as running, throwing, catching, etc.
• Help students to improve their balance coordination.
• Bring about participation in activities such as dance, aquatic and other sports.
• Make them realize healthy self esteem through increased physical independence.
• Reduce health complications.

Question. What are some achievements of Special Olympics Bharat?
Ans. The different achievements of Special Olympic Bharat are as under:
• Organized competitions in a wide variety of disciplines since 2002 on the national level like: National Games, National Floor Hockey Championship and many other games.
• Athletes from Special Olympic Bharat have participated in World Winter Games and participated up to 2015, they have won 322 gold, 343 silver and 397 bronze medals in the world summer and world winter games bringing a total of 1062 medals.
• Around 400 sportspersons participated in the first Regional Asia Pacific Games held in 2013. Special Olympics Bharat brought home a total of 387 medals with 111 gold,136 silver and 140 bronze.
• A total of 23,750 athletes participated in the five National Games held between 2001 and 2011.

Question. How are the Paralympic Games carried out?
Ans. International Paralympic Committee organizes the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games. It also serves as the International Federation for nine sports. Its opening ceremony is similar to that of the Modern Olympics, having followed the rituals of the Antwerp Summer Olympics of 1920. First the flag of the host nation is hoisted and the national anthem is played. This is followed by a march past of participating nations in alphabetical order with the host nation’s participants entering last, the torch is lit after the sporting events have concluded the closing ceremony takes place. The first to enter are the flag-bearers of participating nations, followed by athletes of different nationalities in a homogenous mass. The Paralympic flag is taken down, the national flag of the subsequent host is hoisted and the national anthem played.
The flame is extinguished to officially marked the conclusion of the games.

Question. Why is the concept of inclusion necessary in education with respect to students with special needs?
Ans. The matter of inclusion was first adopted at the World Conference on Special Needs Education:
Access and Quality, and reinforced at the World Education Forum. In this statement, the respective governments of participating nations were asked to prioritise inclusive education.
Inclusive education was described as the “recognition of the need to work towards schools for all – institutions which include everybody, celebrate differences support learning, and respond to individual needs”.
The importance of inclusive education is also highlighted by United Nations Standard Rules on Equalisation of Olympic Opportunities for Person with Disability Proclaiming Participation
and Equality for all.

Question. What are the obstacles faced in the implementation of adapted physical education in India?
Ans. It is a matter of concern for all of us that in India we face a number obstacles in the implementation of adapted physical education. There are some of the teachers of physical education who do not know about the programmes of adapted physical education. In the schools, no stress is laid down on understanding the needs of differently abled students. No programmes related to adapted physical education is being implanted. Under such conditions, no programmes of adapted education are being conducted.

Question. Discuss the history, mission, oath and vision of Special Olympics Bharat in detail.
Ans. It is a programme of Special OlympicsInternat ional authorized to conduct Special Olympics for sportspersons with intellectual disabilities in India. Its name was changed to Special Olympics Bharat in 2001. It is now a National Sports Federation registered under the Indian Trust Act, 1882 and the official nodal agency for all disabilities. It was begun by Eunice Kennedy Shriver. It believes that people with intellectual disabilities can also learn,enjoy, and benefit from participation in sports, consistent training helps develop their sports skills, and sports strengthen and benefits people with intellectual disability physically, mentally, sociably and spiritually.
Mission: Special Olympics Bharat aims to provide year round sports training and athletic competition. The types of sports included in the curriculum are all Olympic approved sports. Both children and adults with intellectual disabilities are in the programmes thereby giving them a chance to strengthen their physique, boost their self-confidence by engaging
them in an atmosphere of active and healthy communication and friendship.
Oath: The oath is “Let me win. But if I cannot win, let me be brave in the attempt”.
Vision: Its vision is to:
• Promote holistic development and training that goes beyond the classrooms and brings the participants to the sports arena and further to the larger cultural and community spaces.
• Encourage children to join and remain in schools so that they receive the same education as their more abled counter parts.
• Produce inspiring role models.
• Prepare and sensitise teachers to the specific needs of special children and build a cadre of Physical education teachers.
• Involve the community at large for understanding and accepting people with intellectual disabilities.
• Make sure that all Special Olympics Bharat activities reflect the Olympic movement values and standards.

Question. Discuss Deaflympics in detail.
Ans. The deaflympics are an international sports event for deaf athletes, held every four years, with both summer and winter games held alternately after a gap of two years. First held in Paris in 1942, it has gone by several other names as International Games for the Deaf from 1924 to 1965, The World Games for the Deaf from 1966 to 1999. The games were also some times referred to as World Silent Games. The name ‘Deaflympics’ was adopted in 2001. Sinceit s inception, it has been organised by Comité International des Sports des Sourds (CISS, ‘The International Committee of Sports for the Deaf’). 
The CISS was recently renamed ‘Le Comité International des Sports des Sourds’ (The International Committee of Sports for the Deaf, or ICSD). The CISS was inducted into IOC in 1955.

Question. Write a note on the history of Paralympic Games.
Ans. The Paralympic games are an international multi-sporting event involving athletes with a variety of physical and intellectual disabilities including mobility disabilities, amputation,
blindness, short stature and cerebral palsy. The IPC oversees the organization of these games which are held immediately after the Summer and Winter Olympics as Summer Paralympic Games and Winter Paralympic Games  respectively.
The movement was started by Sir Ludwing Guttmann, who believed in the power of sports to change lives for the better. He valued the ability of sports and competing in sports for
those with disabilities. He envisioned how they could extent possible and how they could also build their self-esteem by performing well. He organised the first games in 1948. The IPC
replaced the ICC in 1989. The motto of the Paralympic Games is “Spirit in Motion”, and its symbol are three asymmetrical crescents called agito, circling around a central point. The
crescents are red, blue, and green in colour.
The French musician Thierry Darnis composed the anthem “Hymne de I’Avenir” (“Anthem of the Future”).

Question. What are the categories of disabilities accepted by the Paralympic Games for participation? 
Ans. The categories of disabilities accepted by the Paralymic games are ten in number, recognized by the IPC for participation in the Paralympic Games: Eight impairment types, visual 
impairment types and intellectual disability.
• Physical impairment: Impaired passive range of movement, leg length difference, short stature, Ataxia, Athetosis and hypertension, etc.
• Visual impairment: It includes partial vision, and total blindness. 
• Intellectual disability: The condition is being that the athletes are diagnosed before the age of 18.

Question. Discuss the history of Inclusive Education.
Ans. In UNESCO’s Education for All (EFA) Global Monitoring Report on out-of-school population, 2014, it was observed that 1.4 million Indian children of ages 6 to 11 are not receiving formal education. Almost half of the students in primary school drop out before completing five years, while only 42% complete high school. Some of the contributing factors are shortage of teachers and school in relation to the population, poor quality of learning, social and cultural factors, poverty, etc. This is the case with general education and the general population; in such a condition, inclusive education – education of students with learning disabilities and special needs – in a huge challenge to be met.
In the context of India, the Kothari Commission raised the issue of inclusive education in 1966, and the government introduced Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC)
Scheme in 1974. Project Integrated Education for Disabled Children (PIED) was launched by NCERT in 1987 in collaboration with UNICEF to streamline the inclusion of students with
disabilities in general education. The National Policy on Education (1986), the Programme of Action (1992), the District Primary Education Programme (1997), Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
(2001), were some of the measures which also laid stress on the integration of students with special needs into the mainstream. The Universalisation of Elementary Education, which
launched SSA, made the crucial declaration of access, enrolment and retention of all children of 6–14 years of age in school, with a policy of ensuring education for Child With Special
Needs (CWSN).

Question. Write a note on the implementation of Inclusive Education for students with special needs.
Ans. In order to facilitate inclusive education successfully the following measures may be considered:
• A proper realization of the Right to Education Act and its provisions and inclusion of students with special needs under its aegis.
• Specialized training programmes for teachers who are given the responsibility of working with students with disabilities since the requirements of this section of the population are different from the general.
• At schools an entire team of experts from special educators and physiotherapists to counselors and occupational therapists should be present to look the various needs.
• Curricula and instructional design prepared for students with disabilities should have plenty of room for adjustment without dumping down the content.
• Inclusive education is a big step integration of students with disabilities in the greater fold of the society.
• Inclusive education will also reduce the discrimination faced by the people with disabilities.
• Inclusive education also has multiple benefits for students with special needs such as enhancement of their social skills and emotional intelligence, development of principles and culture sensibilities and generally enriching their lives.

Question. Describe the objectives and principles of adapted physical education.
Ans. Adapted physical education aims at to: 
• Develop fundamental motor skills and patterns of students with disabilities, such as running, throwing, catching, etc. 
• Help students to improve their balance coordination and posture.
• Bring about their participation in activities such as dance, aquatics and other sports.
• To make them realize healthy self-esteem through increased physical independence.
• Reduce health complications.
Principals of Adapted Physical education are as under:
• It is imperative to have thorough knowledge of motor behaviours and development patterns of the different kinds of disabilities and how people with these disabilities vary from their abled counterparts.
• The activities and programmes should be planned according to the interests of their students and after taking their specific needs into consideration.
• Routine medical check up should be conducted not only for pure health benefits but also to monitor the progress of the students and assess the effectiveness of the programmes.
• The rules governing physical education  classes for abled students cannot be applied to their peers who have special needs.
• Apart from having sufficient knowledge and experience, the trainers should also have abundant patience, empathy and strong communication skills.

Question. Write notes on how the following can help students with special needs:
(a) Special Education Counsellor
(b) Occupational Therapist
(c) Special Educator
(d) Physical Education Teacher
(e) Physiotherapist
(f) Speech Therapist
Ans. (a) The special education counselor can look after the students and their well-being, taking into consideration the academic, vocational, social and psychological factors. He can be helpful in deepening the connection between the students and their families, to expand their social skills, to provide guidance to hold sessions with the students, to communicate with students, etc.
(b) Occupational therapist can be helpful to students perfect their fine motor and visual skills, to aid the students in gaining correct hand-eye coordination, to assess the abilities of the students and encourage them to participate in the activities of the class room. 
(c) Special educator can be helpful to a student in altering general education lessons to make it accessible according to the needs of the students, to help the students achieve academic success, to have literacy and communication skills. 
(d) Physical education teacher can be helpful to devise or setting in which students with special needs can perform exercise and activity, to cultivate and adapt existing curriculum, so that students with special needs can adjust, to plan and prepare the activities according to the needs of the students, to install a positive attitude in the students, to approach the students needs on individual and group levels, to satisfy the emotional needs of the students.
(e) Physiotherapist can be helpful to the students to achieve full physical functions.
He can help the students to gain control of fundamental motor skills, to promote balance, strength and coordination, to monitor and make adjustments to the programmes and activities of the students as require, etc.
(f) A speech therapist, also known as Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) or speech  pathologist, works with communicative and speech disorders, which may be speech ans lingual issues, problems with swallowing and voice, cognitive communication, etc.

E. Value-Based Question
Sajid is a student of Class 11. He is physically impaired (differently abled). He has different leg lengths. Instead he is very good in sports but never takes part in any activity. Mr Yogesh Chandra, the Physical Education teacher of his school, used to observe him and judged his capabilities to excel in sports. He encouraged Sajid to participate in sports.
He helped him to boost confidence and hone his skills. As a result of this motivation and support, he contested in National Games and performed well.
A nswer the following questions based on the above passage:
1. What do you understand by the term disability?
2. What is leg length?
3. What are the values shown by the Physical Education teacher?
1. By the term disability we understand the one who is physically impaired.
2. By the term leg length we understand that it is the length between bottom edge of the foot base to the upper edge of the greater trochanter.
3. Helping others, value of human being, etc

Physical Education and Sports for CWSN Class 12 Physical Education Important Questions