Please refer to Haloalkanes and Haloarenes HOTs Class 12 Chemistry provided below with solutions. All HOTs for Class 12 Chemistry with answers provided below have been designed as per the latest syllabus and examination petter issued by CBSE, NCERT, KVS. Students of Standard 12 Chemistry should learn the solved HOTS for Class 12 Chemistry provided below to gain better marks in examinations.
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Class 12 Chemistry HOTs
CRITICAL THINKING TYPE QUESTIONS
Question. Which of the following statements is correct?
(a) SN2 reactions of optically active halides are accompanied by inversion of configuration.
(b) SN1 reactions of optically active halides are accompanied by racemisation.
(c) Carbocation formed in SN1 reaction is sp2 hybridized.
(d) All of the above.
Question. A compound is formed by substitution of two chlorine for two hydrogens in propane. The number of possible isomeric compounds is
Question. A set of compounds in which the reactivity of halogen atom in the ascending order is
(a) chlorobenzene, vinyl chloride, chloroethane
(b) chloroethane, chlorobenzene, vinyl chloride
(c) vinyl chloride, chlorobenzene, chloroethane
(d) vinyl chloride, chloroethane, chlorobenzene
Question. The catalyst used in the preparation of an alkyl chloride by the action of dry HCl on an alcohol is
(a) Anhydrous AlCl3
(c) Anhydrous ZnCl2
Question. Which chloride is least reactive with the hydrolysis point of view?
(d) CH2 = CH – Cl
Question. Which one of the following has antiseptic property?
Question. The number of structural and configurational isomers of a bromo compound, C5H9Br, formed by the addition of HBr to 2-pentyne respectively are
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 4
(c) 4 and 2
(d) 2 and 1
Question. Chronic chloroform exposure may cause damage to liver and kidney, due to the formation of
(b) methylene chloride
(c) methyl chloride
(d) carbon tetrachloride
Question. Which of the following reagent produces pure alkyl halides when heated with alcohols?
(d) dry HCl
Question. In a SN2 substitution reaction of the type
Question. The spatial arrangement of four groups around a central carbon atom is tetrahedral and if all the substituents attached to that a carbon are different. Such a carbon is called ______.
(a) asymmetric carbon
(d) All of these
Question. Fluorobenzene (C6H5F) can be synthesized in the laboratory
(a) by direct fluorination of benzene with F2 gas
(b) by reacting bromobenzene with NaF solution
(c) by heating phenol with HF and KF
(d) from aniline by diazotisation followed by heating the diazonium salt with HBF4
Question. Which one of the following is not an allylic halide?
Question. Natural ozone layer is unbalanced due to
(a) cloudiness of poisonous gases
(b) presence of rain in the atmosphere
(c) initiation of radical chain by freon
(d) All of the above
Question. Consider the following bromides :
The correct order of SN1 reactivity is
(a) B > C > A
(b) B > A > C
(c) C > B > A
(d) A > B > C
Question. In which part of the atmosphere, does the freon remain unchanged ?
Question. Which one is most reactive towards SN1 reaction ?
(a) C6H5CH(C6H5 )Br
Question. The number of possible enantiomeric pairs that can be produced during monochlorination of 2-methylbutane is
Question. The organic chloro compound, which shows complete stereochemical inversion during a SN2 reaction, is
(c) (CH3)2 CHCl
Question. Under certain conditions an alkyl halide reacts with base to give an alkene and HCl [Elimination Reaction] for example
R – CH2 – CH2 – Cl → R – CH = CH2 + HCl
The extent of these reactions depends on the structure of alkyl halides (e.g. primary, secondary or tertiary). The relative extent to which such reactions take place is in the order
(of haloalkanes) :
(a) Primary < secondary < Tertiary
(b) Primary > Secondary > Tertiary
(c) Primary > Secondary < Tertiary
(d) Primary < Secondary > Tertiary
Question. Possible major product formed in the reaction of neopentylalcohol with HCl is
(a) 2 -chloro-2-methylbutane
(b) 2, 2 -dimethyl 1-chloropropane
(c) 2 -chloro -3-methylbutane
(d) 3, chloro -3-methylbutane
Question. Which of the following represents correct set of ambident nucleophiles?
(a) CN– and NH3
(b) CN–, NO2
(c) OH–, RO–
(d) CN–, OH–
Question. The IUPAC name of the compound shown below is
Question. If C5H12 undergoes reaction with chlorine in the presence of sunlight, only one product is formed, than reactant is
(a) 3, 3-dimethylpropane
(b) 2, 3-dimethylpropane
(c) 1, 3-dimethylpropane
(d) 2, 2,-dimethylpropane
Question. Aryl halides are extremely less reactive towards nucleophilic substitution than alkylhalides. Which of the following accounts for this ?
(i) Due to resonance in aryl halides.
(ii) In alkyl halides carbon atom in C–X bond is sp2 hybridised whereas in aryl halides carbon atom in C–X bond is sp3 hybridized.
(iii) Due to stability of phenyl cation.
(iv) Due to possible repulsion there are less chances of nucleophile to approach electron rich arenes.
(a) (i), (ii) and (iv)
(b) (i), (ii) and (iii)
(c) (i) and (iv)
(d) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
obtained by chlorination of n-butane, will be
(c) Meso form
(d) Racemic mixture
Question. The organic compound used as feedstock in the synthesis of chlorofluorocarbons is
Question. Which will undergo SN2 reaction fastest among the following halogen compounds?
Question. The replacement of chlorine of chlorobenzene to give phenol requires drastic conditions, but the chlorine of 2, 4-dinitrochlorobenzene is readily replaced since,
(a) nitro groups make the aromatic ring electron rich at ortho/para positions
(b) nitro groups withdraw electrons from the meta position of the aromatic ring
(c) nitro groups donate electrons at meta position
(d) nitro groups withdraw electrons from ortho/para positions of the aromatic ring
Question. The correct order of reactivity of the halides, ethyl chloride (I) iso-propyl chloride (II) and benzyl chloride (III) in SN1 reaction is
(a) I > II > III
(b) III > II > I
(c) II > I > III
(d) I > III > II
Question. Exposure of CCl4 causes
(a) Liver cancer in human
(b) Damage to nerve cells
(c) Coma, unconsciousness
(d) All of these
Question. Chloroform cannot be prepared from which of the following?
Question. Hydrocarbon (CH3)3CH undergoes reaction with Br2 and Cl2 in the presence of sunlight, if the reaction with Cl is highly reactive and that with Br is highly selective so no.of possible products respectively is (are)
(a) 2, 2
(b) 2, 1
(c) 1, 2
(d) 1, 1
Question. CCl4 is well known fire extinguisher. However after using it to extinguish fire, the room should be well ventilated. This is because
(a) It is flammable at higher temperatures
(b) It is toxic
(c) It produces phosgene by reaction with water vapour at higher temperatures
(d) It is corrosive